Multifocal organoids reveal clonal associations between synchronous intestinal tumors with pervasive heterogeneous drug responses

Nahyun Jeong, Soon Chan Kim, Ji Won Park, Seul Gi Park, Ki Hoan Nam, Ja Oh Lee, Young Kyoung Shin, Jeong Mo Bae, Seung Yong Jeong, Min Jung Kim, Ja Lok Ku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Multifocal colorectal cancer (CRC) comprises both clonally independent primary tumors caused by inherited predisposition and clonally related tumors mainly due to intraluminal spreading along an intact basement membrane. The distinction between these multifocal CRCs is essential because therapeutic strategies vary according to the clonal association of multiple tumor masses. Here, we report one unique case of synchronous intestinal cancer (SIC) with tumors occurring along the entire bowel tract, including the small intestine. We established six patient-derived organoids (PDOs), and patient-derived cell lines (PDCs) from each site of the SIC, which were subjected to extensive genomic, transcriptomic, and epigenomic sequencing. We also estimated the drug responses of each multifocal SIC to 25 clinically relevant therapeutic compounds to validate how the clinically actionable alternations between SICs were associated with drug sensitivity. Our data demonstrated distinct clonal associations across different organs, which were consistently supported by multi-omics analysis, as well as the accordant responses to various therapeutic compounds. Our results indicated the imminent drawback of a single tumor-based diagnosis of multifocal CRC and suggested the necessity of an in-depth molecular analysis of all tumor regions to avoid unexpected resistance to the currently available targeted therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42
Journalnpj Genomic Medicine
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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