Multi-channel motor evoked potential monitoring during anterior cervical discectomy and fusion

Dong Gun Kim, Seong Rae Jo, Young Seop Park, Seong Jae Hyun, Ki Jeong Kim, Tae An Chang, Hyun Jib Kim, Kyung Seok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery is the most common surgical procedure for the cervical spine with low complication rate. Despite the potential prognostic benefit, intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM), a method for detecting impending neurological compromise, is not routinely used in ACDF surgery. The present study aimed to identify the potential benefits of monitoring multi-channel motor evoked potentials (MEPs) during ACDF surgery. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 200 consecutive patients who received IONM with multi-channel MEPs and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs). On average, 9.2 muscles per patient were evaluated under MEP monitoring. Results The rate of MEP change during surgery in the multi-level ACDF group was significantly higher than the single-level group. Two patients from the single-level ACDF group (1.7%) and four patients from the multi-level ACDF group (4.9%) experienced post-operative motor deficits. Multi-channel MEPs monitoring during single and multi-level ACDF surgery demonstrated higher sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive and negative predictive value than SSEP monitoring. Conclusions Multi-channel MEP monitoring might be beneficial for the detection of segmental injury as well as long tract injury during single- and multi-level ACDF surgery. Significance This is first large scale study to identify the usefulness of multi-channel MEPs in monitoring ACDF surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Neurophysiology Practice
Volume2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion
  • Disc disease
  • Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring
  • Motor evoked potentials
  • Somatosensory evoked potentials

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