Mortality prediction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: We aimed to assess mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and overlap syndrome, and evaluate which polysomnographic indices—apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) or hypoxemic load measurements—better predict mortality within 10 years. Methods: Adults with symptoms suggestive of sleep apnea and airway disease who underwent both polysomnography and spirometry plus bronchodilator response tests between 2000 and 2018 were included and divided into four groups according to presence of COPD and moderate-to-severe OSA (AHI ≥15/h). We estimated mortality using a Cox model adjusted for demographic/anthropometric covariates and comorbidities; this was called clinical model. To evaluate prognostic performance, we compared the concordance index (C-index) between clinical model and extended models, which incorporated one of polysomnographic indices—AHI, sleep time spent with SpO2 < 90% (TS90), and mean and lowest SpO2. Results: Among 355 participants, patients with COPD alone (57/355, 16.1%) and COPD–OSA overlap syndrome (37/355, 10.4%) had increased all-cause mortality than those who had neither disease (152/355, 42.8%) (adjusted HR, 2.98 and 3.19, respectively). The C-indices of extended models with TS90 (%) and mean SpO2 were significantly higher than that of clinical model (0.765 vs. 0.737 and 0.756 vs. 0.737, respectively; all P < 0.05); however, the C-index of extended model with AHI was not (0.739 vs. 0.737; P = 0.15). Conclusions: In this cohort with symptoms of sleep apnea and airway disease, patients with overlap syndrome had increased mortality, but not higher than in those with COPD alone. The measurement of hypoxemic load, not AHI, better predicted mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalSleep Medicine
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Hypoxemia
  • Mortality
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Overlap syndrome


Dive into the research topics of 'Mortality prediction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this