Moderate hearing loss is related with social frailty in a community-dwelling older adults

The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)

M. Yoo, S. Kim, B. S. Kim, J. Yoo, S. Lee, Hak Chul Jang, Belong Cho, S. J. Son, J. H. Lee, Y. S. Park, E. Roh, H. J. Kim, S. G. Lee, B. J. Kim, M. J. Kim, C. W. Won

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To determine whether hearing loss is associated with social frailty in older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of cohort study data. Hearing was measured using of Pure-tone audiometry. Hearing loss was determined based on the average of hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz in the ear that had better hearing. Social frailty was defined based on the summation of the following 5 social components (1. Neighborhood meeting attendance 2. Talking to friend(s) sometimes 3.Someone gives you love and affection 4. Living alone 5. Meeting someone every day). Participants who had no correspondence to the components were considered non-social frailty; those with 1–2 components were considered social prefrailty; and those having 3 or more components were considered social frailty. Results: The prevalence of non-social frailty, social prefrailty, social frailty was 27.6%, 60.7% and 11.7% respectively. Of the five questions, two components (Neighborhood meeting attendance and Presence of someone who shows love and affection to the participants) were associated with hearing loss (p < 0.001). Compared to non-social frailty, the odds ratio of social frailty for hearing loss was 2.24 (95% CI 1.48–3.38) after adjusting for age, residential area, economic status, smoking, depressive disorder and MMSE, and 2.17 (95% CI 1.43–3.30) after further adjustments with physical frailty. Conclusion: Hearing loss was associated with social frailty even after controlling confounding factors even including physical frailty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-130
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume83
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019

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Independent Living
sympathy
Hearing Loss
love
Cohort Studies
audiometry
residential area
Hearing
Love
community
smoking
Pure-Tone Audiometry
Social Adjustment
economics
Depressive Disorder
Ear
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Economics

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Frailty
  • Hearing loss
  • Korea
  • Social frailty

Cite this

Yoo, M. ; Kim, S. ; Kim, B. S. ; Yoo, J. ; Lee, S. ; Jang, Hak Chul ; Cho, Belong ; Son, S. J. ; Lee, J. H. ; Park, Y. S. ; Roh, E. ; Kim, H. J. ; Lee, S. G. ; Kim, B. J. ; Kim, M. J. ; Won, C. W. / Moderate hearing loss is related with social frailty in a community-dwelling older adults : The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS). In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2019 ; Vol. 83. pp. 126-130.
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title = "Moderate hearing loss is related with social frailty in a community-dwelling older adults: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)",
abstract = "Objectives: To determine whether hearing loss is associated with social frailty in older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of cohort study data. Hearing was measured using of Pure-tone audiometry. Hearing loss was determined based on the average of hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz in the ear that had better hearing. Social frailty was defined based on the summation of the following 5 social components (1. Neighborhood meeting attendance 2. Talking to friend(s) sometimes 3.Someone gives you love and affection 4. Living alone 5. Meeting someone every day). Participants who had no correspondence to the components were considered non-social frailty; those with 1–2 components were considered social prefrailty; and those having 3 or more components were considered social frailty. Results: The prevalence of non-social frailty, social prefrailty, social frailty was 27.6{\%}, 60.7{\%} and 11.7{\%} respectively. Of the five questions, two components (Neighborhood meeting attendance and Presence of someone who shows love and affection to the participants) were associated with hearing loss (p < 0.001). Compared to non-social frailty, the odds ratio of social frailty for hearing loss was 2.24 (95{\%} CI 1.48–3.38) after adjusting for age, residential area, economic status, smoking, depressive disorder and MMSE, and 2.17 (95{\%} CI 1.43–3.30) after further adjustments with physical frailty. Conclusion: Hearing loss was associated with social frailty even after controlling confounding factors even including physical frailty.",
keywords = "Aged, Frailty, Hearing loss, Korea, Social frailty",
author = "M. Yoo and S. Kim and Kim, {B. S.} and J. Yoo and S. Lee and Jang, {Hak Chul} and Belong Cho and Son, {S. J.} and Lee, {J. H.} and Park, {Y. S.} and E. Roh and Kim, {H. J.} and Lee, {S. G.} and Kim, {B. J.} and Kim, {M. J.} and Won, {C. W.}",
year = "2019",
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Moderate hearing loss is related with social frailty in a community-dwelling older adults : The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS). / Yoo, M.; Kim, S.; Kim, B. S.; Yoo, J.; Lee, S.; Jang, Hak Chul; Cho, Belong; Son, S. J.; Lee, J. H.; Park, Y. S.; Roh, E.; Kim, H. J.; Lee, S. G.; Kim, B. J.; Kim, M. J.; Won, C. W.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 83, 01.07.2019, p. 126-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Moderate hearing loss is related with social frailty in a community-dwelling older adults

T2 - The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)

AU - Yoo, M.

AU - Kim, S.

AU - Kim, B. S.

AU - Yoo, J.

AU - Lee, S.

AU - Jang, Hak Chul

AU - Cho, Belong

AU - Son, S. J.

AU - Lee, J. H.

AU - Park, Y. S.

AU - Roh, E.

AU - Kim, H. J.

AU - Lee, S. G.

AU - Kim, B. J.

AU - Kim, M. J.

AU - Won, C. W.

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Objectives: To determine whether hearing loss is associated with social frailty in older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of cohort study data. Hearing was measured using of Pure-tone audiometry. Hearing loss was determined based on the average of hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz in the ear that had better hearing. Social frailty was defined based on the summation of the following 5 social components (1. Neighborhood meeting attendance 2. Talking to friend(s) sometimes 3.Someone gives you love and affection 4. Living alone 5. Meeting someone every day). Participants who had no correspondence to the components were considered non-social frailty; those with 1–2 components were considered social prefrailty; and those having 3 or more components were considered social frailty. Results: The prevalence of non-social frailty, social prefrailty, social frailty was 27.6%, 60.7% and 11.7% respectively. Of the five questions, two components (Neighborhood meeting attendance and Presence of someone who shows love and affection to the participants) were associated with hearing loss (p < 0.001). Compared to non-social frailty, the odds ratio of social frailty for hearing loss was 2.24 (95% CI 1.48–3.38) after adjusting for age, residential area, economic status, smoking, depressive disorder and MMSE, and 2.17 (95% CI 1.43–3.30) after further adjustments with physical frailty. Conclusion: Hearing loss was associated with social frailty even after controlling confounding factors even including physical frailty.

AB - Objectives: To determine whether hearing loss is associated with social frailty in older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of cohort study data. Hearing was measured using of Pure-tone audiometry. Hearing loss was determined based on the average of hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz in the ear that had better hearing. Social frailty was defined based on the summation of the following 5 social components (1. Neighborhood meeting attendance 2. Talking to friend(s) sometimes 3.Someone gives you love and affection 4. Living alone 5. Meeting someone every day). Participants who had no correspondence to the components were considered non-social frailty; those with 1–2 components were considered social prefrailty; and those having 3 or more components were considered social frailty. Results: The prevalence of non-social frailty, social prefrailty, social frailty was 27.6%, 60.7% and 11.7% respectively. Of the five questions, two components (Neighborhood meeting attendance and Presence of someone who shows love and affection to the participants) were associated with hearing loss (p < 0.001). Compared to non-social frailty, the odds ratio of social frailty for hearing loss was 2.24 (95% CI 1.48–3.38) after adjusting for age, residential area, economic status, smoking, depressive disorder and MMSE, and 2.17 (95% CI 1.43–3.30) after further adjustments with physical frailty. Conclusion: Hearing loss was associated with social frailty even after controlling confounding factors even including physical frailty.

KW - Aged

KW - Frailty

KW - Hearing loss

KW - Korea

KW - Social frailty

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JO - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

JF - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

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