Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant that is known to be associated with the risk of arterial hypertension. However, the underlying mechanisms describing how BPA exposure leads to high blood pressure (BP) and the role of epigenetics are still unclear. Therefore, we evaluated associations among BPA exposure, microRNA (miRNA) expression, and BP in a randomized crossover trial with 45 non-smoking females over 60 years of age. The participants visited the study site 3 times and were dose-dependently exposed to BPA. Two hours after exposure to BPA, urine and whole blood were collected for BPA measurement and miRNA profiling, and BP was measured. Relationships among urinary BPA level, miRNA expression, and BP were estimated using the mixed effect model. Decreases in miR-30a-5p, miR-580-3p, miR-627-5p, and miR-671-3p and increases in miR-636 and miR-1224-3p attributable to BPA exposure were associated with high BP. The core functional network from BPA exposure to increased BP was found to be on the pathway through these six miRNAs and their predicted BP-related target genes. Our results suggest that epigenetic biomarkers for BPA exposure and hypertension provide mechanistic data to explain hypertension exacerbation as well as key information for predicting the health effects of BPA exposure.
- Bisphenol A
- Blood pressure