Methylation status of long interspersed element-1 in advanced gastric cancer and its prognostic implication

Young Seok Song, Younghoon Kim, Nam Yun Cho, Han-Kwang Yang, Woo Ho Kim, Gyeonghoon Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Backgrounds: Reportedly, the pyrosequencing methylation assay can produce inconsistent results between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded archival tissue samples. In this study, we assayed the methylation levels at four individual CpG sites of L1 using pyrosequencing and found that the methylation levels at individual CpG sites were different but were closely correlated between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples. We aimed to determine whether low methylation status of L1 is associated with gastric cancer patient prognosis. Methods: We analyzed 434 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of advanced gastric cancer for their methylation status at four CpG sites of L1 [nucleotide positions 328, 321, 318, and 306 of X58075 (Genbank)] using pyrosequencing, and correlated the L1 methylation level with clinicopathological features. Results: Older age at onset, males, tumor location at antrum or lower body, intestinal type, and lymphatic or venous invasion were associated with a low average methylation level of L1 at the two CpG sites 1 and 4 combined. The average methylation level of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined was significantly lower in microsatellite-stable and EBV-negative gastric cancers than in EBV-positive or microsatellite-unstable gastric cancers. Low methylation status of L1 was independently correlated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival time. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the discrepancy in the methylation level of L1 between fresh tissue and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples depends on the CpG sites considered, and that the methylation status of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined could be utilized as a prognostic parameter for advanced gastric cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalGastric Cancer
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

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Methylation
Stomach Neoplasms
Paraffin
Formaldehyde
Human Herpesvirus 4
Microsatellite Repeats
Somatotypes
Nucleic Acid Databases
Age of Onset
Disease-Free Survival
Nucleotides
Survival

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Hypomethylation
  • Long interspersed element-1
  • Prognosis

Cite this

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title = "Methylation status of long interspersed element-1 in advanced gastric cancer and its prognostic implication",
abstract = "Backgrounds: Reportedly, the pyrosequencing methylation assay can produce inconsistent results between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded archival tissue samples. In this study, we assayed the methylation levels at four individual CpG sites of L1 using pyrosequencing and found that the methylation levels at individual CpG sites were different but were closely correlated between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples. We aimed to determine whether low methylation status of L1 is associated with gastric cancer patient prognosis. Methods: We analyzed 434 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of advanced gastric cancer for their methylation status at four CpG sites of L1 [nucleotide positions 328, 321, 318, and 306 of X58075 (Genbank)] using pyrosequencing, and correlated the L1 methylation level with clinicopathological features. Results: Older age at onset, males, tumor location at antrum or lower body, intestinal type, and lymphatic or venous invasion were associated with a low average methylation level of L1 at the two CpG sites 1 and 4 combined. The average methylation level of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined was significantly lower in microsatellite-stable and EBV-negative gastric cancers than in EBV-positive or microsatellite-unstable gastric cancers. Low methylation status of L1 was independently correlated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival time. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the discrepancy in the methylation level of L1 between fresh tissue and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples depends on the CpG sites considered, and that the methylation status of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined could be utilized as a prognostic parameter for advanced gastric cancers.",
keywords = "Gastric cancer, Hypomethylation, Long interspersed element-1, Prognosis",
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Methylation status of long interspersed element-1 in advanced gastric cancer and its prognostic implication. / Song, Young Seok; Kim, Younghoon; Cho, Nam Yun; Yang, Han-Kwang; Kim, Woo Ho; Kang, Gyeonghoon.

In: Gastric Cancer, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 98-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Methylation status of long interspersed element-1 in advanced gastric cancer and its prognostic implication

AU - Song, Young Seok

AU - Kim, Younghoon

AU - Cho, Nam Yun

AU - Yang, Han-Kwang

AU - Kim, Woo Ho

AU - Kang, Gyeonghoon

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Backgrounds: Reportedly, the pyrosequencing methylation assay can produce inconsistent results between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded archival tissue samples. In this study, we assayed the methylation levels at four individual CpG sites of L1 using pyrosequencing and found that the methylation levels at individual CpG sites were different but were closely correlated between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples. We aimed to determine whether low methylation status of L1 is associated with gastric cancer patient prognosis. Methods: We analyzed 434 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of advanced gastric cancer for their methylation status at four CpG sites of L1 [nucleotide positions 328, 321, 318, and 306 of X58075 (Genbank)] using pyrosequencing, and correlated the L1 methylation level with clinicopathological features. Results: Older age at onset, males, tumor location at antrum or lower body, intestinal type, and lymphatic or venous invasion were associated with a low average methylation level of L1 at the two CpG sites 1 and 4 combined. The average methylation level of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined was significantly lower in microsatellite-stable and EBV-negative gastric cancers than in EBV-positive or microsatellite-unstable gastric cancers. Low methylation status of L1 was independently correlated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival time. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the discrepancy in the methylation level of L1 between fresh tissue and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples depends on the CpG sites considered, and that the methylation status of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined could be utilized as a prognostic parameter for advanced gastric cancers.

AB - Backgrounds: Reportedly, the pyrosequencing methylation assay can produce inconsistent results between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded archival tissue samples. In this study, we assayed the methylation levels at four individual CpG sites of L1 using pyrosequencing and found that the methylation levels at individual CpG sites were different but were closely correlated between paired snap-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples. We aimed to determine whether low methylation status of L1 is associated with gastric cancer patient prognosis. Methods: We analyzed 434 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of advanced gastric cancer for their methylation status at four CpG sites of L1 [nucleotide positions 328, 321, 318, and 306 of X58075 (Genbank)] using pyrosequencing, and correlated the L1 methylation level with clinicopathological features. Results: Older age at onset, males, tumor location at antrum or lower body, intestinal type, and lymphatic or venous invasion were associated with a low average methylation level of L1 at the two CpG sites 1 and 4 combined. The average methylation level of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined was significantly lower in microsatellite-stable and EBV-negative gastric cancers than in EBV-positive or microsatellite-unstable gastric cancers. Low methylation status of L1 was independently correlated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival time. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the discrepancy in the methylation level of L1 between fresh tissue and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples depends on the CpG sites considered, and that the methylation status of L1 at CpG sites 1 and 4 combined could be utilized as a prognostic parameter for advanced gastric cancers.

KW - Gastric cancer

KW - Hypomethylation

KW - Long interspersed element-1

KW - Prognosis

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DO - 10.1007/s10120-015-0463-6

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AN - SCOPUS:84951569542

VL - 19

SP - 98

EP - 106

JO - Gastric Cancer

JF - Gastric Cancer

SN - 1436-3291

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