Lysophosphatidylcholine, a component of atherogenic lipoproteins, induces the change of calcium mobilization via TRPC ion channels in cultured human corporal smooth muscle cells

I. So, M. R. Chae, S. J. Kim, S. W. Lee

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Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for erectile dysfunction. To understand the mechanism(s) of hypercholesterolemia-induced erectile dysfunction, we studied the effect of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) on the membrane conductance of corporal smooth muscle cells. We used cultured human corporal smooth muscle cells. The intracelluar Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and the influx of divalent cation was monitored by the ratio of fura-2 fluorescence (F340/380) and by the Mn 2+-induced quenching rate of fura-2, respectively. The LPC-induced membrane current was characterized by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique and the molecular identity of suspected channels was probed by RT-PCR. LPC (20 μM) induced a statistically significant increase in F340/380 to 119.9±3.9% of initial control (n=6) in corporal smooth muscle cells. The addition of 20 μM LPC accelerated the quenching rate of F360 by 59.5±11.8% (n=5). LPC activated nonselective cationic current (I LPC), similar to the known effects of phenylephrine in corporal myocytes. The size of ILPC at -60 mV was -55.3±6.3 pA (n=8). The transcript of transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6) was detected in human corporal myocytes. We also found one splicing variant of TRPC6, TRPC6α. In conclusion, the present study suggests that the LPC, a major component of oxidized low-density lipoprotiens, increases calcium in corporal smooth muscle cells probably through activation of a TRPC6 channel and the increased [Ca2+]i by LPC via TRP channels is one of mechanisms for hypercholesterolemia-induced erectile dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-483
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Impotence Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2005


  • Corporal smooth muscle cells
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Lysophosphatidylcholine
  • Transient receptor potential channel

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