Lower troponin expression in the right ventricle of rats explains interventricular differences in E–C coupling

Young Keul Jeon, Jae Won Kwon, Jihyun Jang, Seong Woo Choi, Joohan Woo, Su Han Cho, Byeong Il Yu, Yang Sook Chun, Jae Boum Youm, Yin Hua Zhang, Sung Joon Kim

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Despite distinctive functional and anatomic differences, a precise understanding of the cardiac interventricular differences in excitation–contraction (E–C) coupling mechanisms is still lacking. Here, we directly compared rat right and left cardiomyocytes (RVCM and LVCM). Whole-cell patch clamp, the IonOptix system, and fura-2 fluorimetry were used to measure electrical properties (action potential and ionic currents), single-cell contractility, and cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), respectively. Myofilament proteins were analyzed by immunoblotting. RVCM showed significantly shorter action potential duration (APD) and higher density of transient outward K+ current (Ito). However, the triggered [Ca2+]i change (Ca2+ transient) was not different, while the decay rate of the Ca2+ transient was slower in RVCM. Although the relaxation speed was also slower, the sarcomere shortening amplitude (ΔSL) was smaller in RVCM. SERCA activity was ∼60% lower in RVCM, which is partly responsible for the slower decay of the Ca2+ transient. Immunoblot analysis revealed lower expression of the cardiac troponin complex (cTn) in RVCM, implying a smaller Ca2+ buffering capacity (κS), which was proved by in situ analysis. The introduction of these new levels of cTn, Ito, and SERCA into a mathematical model of rat LVCM reproduced the similar Ca2+ transient, slower Ca2+ decay, shorter APD, and smaller ΔSL of RVCM. Taken together, these data show reduced expression of cTn proteins in the RVCM, which provides an explanation for the interventricular difference in the E–C coupling kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202112949
JournalJournal of General Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 7 Mar 2022


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