Long-Term Outcomes of Bilateral Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation for Patients With Parkinson's Disease: 10 Years and Beyond

Hye Ran Park, Hyung Jun Im, Jeongbin Park, Byung Woo Yoon, Yong Hoon Lim, Eun Jin Song, Kyung Ran Kim, Jae Meen Lee, Kawngwoo Park, Kwang Hyon Park, Hyun Joo Park, Jung Hwan Shin, Kyung Ah Woo, Jee Young Lee, Suyeon Park, Han Joon Kim, Beomseok Jeon, Sun Ha Paek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) represents an effective treatment for severe Parkinson's disease (PD), but little is known about the long-term benefit. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the survival rate and long-term outcome of DBS. METHODS: We investigated all 81 patients including 37 males and 44 females who underwent bilateral STN DBS from March 2005 to March 2008 at a single institution. The current survival status of the patients was investigated. Preoperative and postoperative follow-up assessments were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age at the time of surgery was 62 (range 27-82) years, and the median clinical follow-up duration was 145 months. Thirty-five patients (43%) died during the follow-up period. The mean duration from DBS surgery to death was 110.46 ± 40.8 (range 0-155) months. The cumulative survival rate is as follows: 98.8 ± 1.2% (1 year), 95.1 ± 2.4% (5 years), and 79.0 ± 4.5% (10 years). Of the 81 patients, 33 (40%) were ambulatory up to more than 11 years. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score was significantly improved until 5 years after surgery although it showed a tendency to increase again after 10 years. The patient group with both electrodes located within the STN showed a higher rate of survival and maintained ambulation. CONCLUSION: STN DBS is a safe and effective treatment for patients with advanced PD. This study based on the long-term follow-up of large patient populations can be used to elucidate the long-term fate of patients who underwent bilateral STN DBS for PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-733
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume91
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

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