Atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with single ventricle physiology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of the surgical management of AVVR and to analyze the effects of AV valve replacement. The medical records of 38 single ventricle patients who underwent atrioventricular valve surgery more than once between January 2001 and March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. We analyzed and compared clinical data of patients who underwent valve replacement as an initial treatment (n = 8) for AVVR with patients who initially underwent valve repair (n = 30). The median follow-up duration was 98.1 months (range, 0.9–209.6 months). There was one early mortality and seven late mortalities. Freedom from reoperation between the two groups at 15 years of follow-up was significantly different: 18.3% in the repair group and 100% in the replacement group (p = 0.013). The replacement group showed a better overall survival rate (100%) at 15 years than the repair group (68.5%) without statistical significance (p = 0.097). All mortalities occurred in the repair group. Nine patients in the repair group (30%) and one patient in the replacement group (12.5%) showed preoperative ventricular dysfunction. RV-type single ventricle with atrioventricular (AV) valve annular dilatation was found out as a risk factor of AVV replacement both in univariate (p = 0.04) and multivariate (p = 0.004) analysis. AV valve replacement might be considered as a primary treatment option for patients who have an annular dilation with an RV-type single ventricle rather than repeated valvuloplasty.
- Atrioventricular valve regurgitation
- Single ventricle
- Valve repair
- Valve replacement