Long-term opioid use among patients with chronic gout: a cross-sectional study of a sample cohort in South Korea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to determine trends in the prevalence of chronic opioid users among patients with chronic gout in South Korea from 2002 to 2015 and to investigate the factors associated with chronic opioid use among patients with chronic gout. Methods: We performed a population-based cohort study and extracted data from the National Health Insurance Service database in South Korea. We included all adult patients (age ≥ 18 years) with a diagnostic code of M1A* (chronic gout) according to the International Classification of Disease (10th revision). Results: The prevalence of chronic opioid users among patients with chronic gout has gradually increased from 4.0% in 2002 to 19.4% in 2015. After excluding the patients who had a history of cancer or other rheumatic diseases, a total of 18,042 patients with chronic gout were included in this cross-sectional cohort study in 2015, of which 993 (5.5%) were long-term opioid users. In a multivariable model, older age, female sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index ' 2, long-term use of other analgesics, such as pregabalin, gabapentin, paracetamol, and glucocorticoids, and the use of other gout medication (colchicine) were independently associated with higher rates of long-term opioid use among patients with chronic gout. Conclusion: Chronic opioid users among patients with chronic gout increased from 2002 to 2015 in South Korea. Female sex, older age, comorbid status, and the use of other non-opioid analgesics were independently associated with higher rates of long-term opioid use among patients with chronic gout.Key Points• Chronic opioid users among patients with chronic gout have increased from 2002 to 2015 in South Korea.• Among patients with chronic gout, 5.5% were long-term opioid users.• Female sex, older age, comorbid status, and the use of other non-opioid analgesics were associated with higher rates of long-term opioid use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3033-3039
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Gout
  • Outcome measures
  • Pain
  • Quality of life

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term opioid use among patients with chronic gout: a cross-sectional study of a sample cohort in South Korea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this