Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Brigatinib in Crizotinib-Refractory ALK+ NSCLC: Final Results of the Phase 1/2 and Randomized Phase 2 (ALTA) Trials

Scott N. Gettinger, Rudolf M. Huber, Dong Wan Kim, Lyudmila Bazhenova, Karin Holmskov Hansen, Marcello Tiseo, Corey J. Langer, Luis G. Paz-Ares Rodríguez, Howard L. West, Karen L. Reckamp, Glen J. Weiss, Egbert F. Smit, Maximilian J. Hochmair, Sang We Kim, Myung Ju Ahn, Edward S. Kim, Harry J.M. Groen, Joanna Pye, Yuyin Liu, Pingkuan ZhangFlorin Vranceanu, D. Ross Camidge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: We report brigatinib long-term efficacy and safety from phase 1/2 and phase 2 (ALTA) trials in ALK–rearrangement positive (ALK+) NSCLC. Methods: The phase 1/2 study evaluated brigatinib 30 to 300 mg/d in patients with advanced malignancies. ALTA randomized patients with crizotinib-refractory ALK+ NSCLC to brigatinib 90 mg once daily (arm A) or 180 mg once daily (7-d lead-in at 90 mg; arm B). Results: In the phase 1/2 study, 79 of 137 brigatinib-treated patients had ALK+ NSCLC; 71 were crizotinib pretreated. ALTA randomized 222 patients (n = 112 in arm A; n = 110 in arm B). Median follow-up at phase 1/2 study end (≈5.6 y after last patient enrolled) was 27.7 months; at ALTA study end (≈4.4 y after last patient enrolled), 19.6 months (A) and 28.3 months (B). Among patients with ALK+ NSCLC in the phase 1/2 study, median investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) was 14.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.8–21.2); median overall survival was 47.6 months (28.6–not reached). In ALTA, median investigator-assessed PFS was 9.2 months (7.4–11.1) in arm A and 15.6 months (11.1–18.5) in arm B; median independent review committee (IRC)-assessed PFS was 9.9 (7.4–12.8) and 16.7 (11.6–21.4) months, respectively; median overall survival was 25.9 (18.2–45.8) and 40.6 (32.5–not reached) months, respectively. Median intracranial PFS for patients with any brain metastases was 12.8 (9.2–18.4) months in arm A and 18.4 (12.6–23.9) months in arm B. No new safety signals were identified versus previous analyses. Conclusions: Brigatinib exhibited sustained long-term activity and PFS with manageable safety in patients with crizotinib-refractory ALK+ NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100385
JournalJTO Clinical and Research Reports
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor
  • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase
  • Brigatinib
  • Crizotinib
  • Non–small-cell lung cancer

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