Long-term clinical outcomes of oral antidiabetic drugs as fixed-dose combinations: A nationwide retrospective cohort study

Sang Jun Cho, In Sun Oh, Han Eol Jeong, Young Min Cho, Yul Hwangbo, Oriana Hoi Yun Yu, Ju Young Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: To compare treatment patterns and clinical outcomes of single-pill fixed-dose combination (FDC) and two-pill combination (TPC) therapies using real-world data. Methods: We conducted a nationwide retrospective cohort study using South Korea's healthcare database (2002-2015). We identified two cohorts of incident patients with type 2 diabetes who initiated FDC or TPC therapy within 4 months of their first prescription for metformin or sulphonylurea. We examined persistence and adherence patterns and the clinical outcome of a composite endpoint of death or hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure or stroke and compared the differences in treatment patterns and clinical outcomes using Cox models. Results: Of 5143 and 10 973 patients who initiated FDC and TPC therapy, respectively, we identified 5143 patient pairs after propensity score matching. The FDC group exhibited greater median time to treatment discontinuation (163 vs. 146 days), and proportion of days covered at 12 months (mean 0.60 vs. 0.57, P <.0001) and at 24 months (0.53 vs. 0.51, P =.014) than the TPC group. The FDC group, compared with the TPC group, had reduced risks of the composite clinical outcome (hazard ratio 0.86, 95% confidence intervals 0.77-0.97) and hospitalization for stroke (0.80, 0.67-0.96). Conclusion: FDC therapy may provide favourable cardiovascular benefits, especially reducing the risk of hospitalization for stroke, and has better medication adherence among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2051-2060
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • adherence
  • clinical outcome
  • dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor
  • fixed-dose combination
  • persistence
  • sulphonylurea
  • two-pill combination


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