Korean Validation of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire

Hyeona Yu, Joohyun Yoon, Chan Woo Lee, Ji Yoon Park, Yoonjeong Jang, Yun Seong Park, Hyun A. Ryoo, Nayoung Cho, Sunghee Oh, Won Kim, Jong Min Woo, Hyo Shin Kang, Tae Hyon Ha, Woojae Myung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) has been validated in more than 30 languages and is noted for its broad application in research and clinical settings. This study presents the first attempt to ex-amine the reliability and validity of the TEMPS-A in Korea. Methods A total of 540 non-clinical participants completed the Korean TEMPS-A, which was adapted from the original English version via a comprehensive translation procedure. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach’s α, and associations between temperaments were examined using Spearman’s correlation coefficient. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed, and differences in TEMPS-A scores between the gender-and age-based groups were examined using Kruskal-Wallis analysis. Results The Korean TEMPS-A exhibited excellent internal consistency (0.70–0.91) and significant correlations between subscales. EFA resulted in a two-factor structure: Factor I (depressive, cyclothymic, irritable, and anxious) and Factor II (hyperthymic). Gender and age group differences were observed. Conclusion Overall, our results suggest that TEMPS-A is a reliable and valid measure of affective temperaments for the Korean popu-lation. This study opens new possibilities for further research on affective temperaments and their related traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-737
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Korean
  • TEMPS-A
  • Temperament
  • Validation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Korean Validation of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this