Keratinocyte transglutaminase 2 promotes CCR6+ γδT-cell recruitment by upregulating CCL20 in psoriatic inflammation

Ji Woong Shin, Mee ae Kwon, Jinha Hwang, Seok Jin Lee, Jin Haeng Lee, Hyo Jun Kim, Ki Baek Lee, Soo Jin Lee, Eui Man Jeong, Jin Ho Chung, In Gyu Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Keratinocyte-derived cytokines and chemokines amplify psoriatic inflammation by recruiting IL-17-producing CCR6+ γδT-cells and neutrophils. The expression of these cytokines and chemokines mainly depends on NF-κB activity; however, the pathway that activates NF-κB in response to triggering factors is poorly defined. Here, we show that transglutaminase 2 (TG2), previously reported to elicit a TH17 response by increasing IL-6 expression in a mouse model of lung fibrosis, mediates the upregulation of cytokines and chemokines by activating NF-κB in imiquimod (IMQ)-treated keratinocytes. TG2-deficient mice exhibited reduced psoriatic inflammation in skin treated with IMQ but showed systemic immune responses similar to wild-type mice. Experiments in bone marrow (BM) chimeric mice revealed that TG2 is responsible for promoting psoriatic inflammation in non-BM-derived cells. In keratinocytes, IMQ treatment activated TG2, which in turn activated NF-κB signaling, leading to the upregulation of IL-6, CCL20, and CXCL8 and increased leukocyte migration, in vitro. Consequently, TG2-deficient mice showed markedly decreased CCR6+ γδT-cell and neutrophil infiltration in IMQ-treated skin. Moreover, TG2 levels were higher in psoriatic skin than in normal skin and correlated with IL-6, CXCL8, and CCL20 levels. Therefore, these results indicate that keratinocyte TG2 acts as a critical mediator in the amplification of psoriatic inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number301
JournalCell Death and Disease
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Apr 2020

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