Investigation of potential neuropharmacological activity of neostigmine-glycopyrrolate for intraoperative neural monitoring in thyroid surgery

Moon Young Oh, Jung Man Lee, Dongwook Won, Tzu Yen Huang, Che Wei Wu, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Hoon Yub Kim, Miyeon Seo, Hyun Suk Choi, Young Jun Chai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) is frequently used in thyroid surgery to reduce recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. The use of neuromuscular blockade agent to facilitate tracheal intubation, is a common cause of IONM failure. We performed a retrospective analysis to assess the efficacy of neostigmine-glycopyrrolate as a neuromuscular blockade reversal agent for IONM during thyroid surgery. Rocuronium (0.6 mg/kg) was administered for muscle relaxation. Neostigmine (2 mg) and glycopyrrolate (0.4 mg) were administered immediately after intubation. Cricothyroid muscle-twitch response upon external branch of superior laryngeal nerve stimulation and electromyography amplitudes of vagal and recurrent laryngeal nerves before (V1, R1) and after thyroid resection (V2, R2) were recorded. Fifty patients (23 males, 27 females) were included in the analysis. The diagnoses comprised 43 papillary thyroid carcinomas and seven benign diseases. The mean time between rocuronium injection and neostigmine-glycopyrrolate injection was 5.1 ± 1.2 min, and the mean time from neostigmine-glycopyrrolate injection to successful cricothyroid muscle twitching upon external branch of superior laryngeal nerve stimulation was 21.0 ± 4.5 min. All patients had V1 and R1 amplitudes of more than 500 μV each, with mean V1 and R1 amplitudes of 985.3 ± 471.6 μV and 1177.2 ± 572.7 μV, respectively. Neostigmine-glycopyrrolate was effectively used as a neuromuscular blockade reversal agent for IONM in thyroid surgeries without a significant increase in bucking events. Administration of neostigmine-glycopyrrolate immediately after intubation can be recommended for successful NMB reversal to facilitate IONM during thyroid surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalKaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

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