Intraocular pressure changes after vitrectomy with and without combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation.

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Abstract

To determine sequential intraocular pressure (IOP) changes after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation (PE & IOL). Consecutive patients who underwent PPV with PE & IOL (combined group) or without PE & IOL (vitrectomy group) were reviewed for postoperative sequential IOPs and the number of IOP lowering medications used. Of the 68 patients (68 eyes) who underwent simple PPV, 41 eyes were allocated to the vitrectomy group, and 27 eyes to the combined group. The mean IOPs were higher on postoperative days one and two, as compared to preoperative values, in both groups. The mean IOP changes on postoperative day one (10.0 mmHg vs. 5.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) and day two (3.7 mmHg vs. 1.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) were significantly higher in the combined group. Phacovitrectomy is associated with a higher risk of IOP elevation during the early postoperative period than PPV alone. Caution should be exercised in patients who are vulnerable to IOP fluctuations when combined surgery is indicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-346
Number of pages6
JournalKorean journal of ophthalmology : KJO
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010

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Intraocular Lens Implantation
Phacoemulsification
Vitrectomy
Intraocular Pressure
Temazepam
Postoperative Period

Cite this

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title = "Intraocular pressure changes after vitrectomy with and without combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation.",
abstract = "To determine sequential intraocular pressure (IOP) changes after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation (PE & IOL). Consecutive patients who underwent PPV with PE & IOL (combined group) or without PE & IOL (vitrectomy group) were reviewed for postoperative sequential IOPs and the number of IOP lowering medications used. Of the 68 patients (68 eyes) who underwent simple PPV, 41 eyes were allocated to the vitrectomy group, and 27 eyes to the combined group. The mean IOPs were higher on postoperative days one and two, as compared to preoperative values, in both groups. The mean IOP changes on postoperative day one (10.0 mmHg vs. 5.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) and day two (3.7 mmHg vs. 1.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) were significantly higher in the combined group. Phacovitrectomy is associated with a higher risk of IOP elevation during the early postoperative period than PPV alone. Caution should be exercised in patients who are vulnerable to IOP fluctuations when combined surgery is indicated.",
author = "Yang, {Hee Kyung} and Woo, {Se Joon} and Park, {Kyu Hyung} and Kyuhyung Park",
year = "2010",
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journal = "Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Intraocular pressure changes after vitrectomy with and without combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation.

AU - Yang, Hee Kyung

AU - Woo, Se Joon

AU - Park, Kyu Hyung

AU - Park, Kyuhyung

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - To determine sequential intraocular pressure (IOP) changes after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation (PE & IOL). Consecutive patients who underwent PPV with PE & IOL (combined group) or without PE & IOL (vitrectomy group) were reviewed for postoperative sequential IOPs and the number of IOP lowering medications used. Of the 68 patients (68 eyes) who underwent simple PPV, 41 eyes were allocated to the vitrectomy group, and 27 eyes to the combined group. The mean IOPs were higher on postoperative days one and two, as compared to preoperative values, in both groups. The mean IOP changes on postoperative day one (10.0 mmHg vs. 5.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) and day two (3.7 mmHg vs. 1.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) were significantly higher in the combined group. Phacovitrectomy is associated with a higher risk of IOP elevation during the early postoperative period than PPV alone. Caution should be exercised in patients who are vulnerable to IOP fluctuations when combined surgery is indicated.

AB - To determine sequential intraocular pressure (IOP) changes after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation (PE & IOL). Consecutive patients who underwent PPV with PE & IOL (combined group) or without PE & IOL (vitrectomy group) were reviewed for postoperative sequential IOPs and the number of IOP lowering medications used. Of the 68 patients (68 eyes) who underwent simple PPV, 41 eyes were allocated to the vitrectomy group, and 27 eyes to the combined group. The mean IOPs were higher on postoperative days one and two, as compared to preoperative values, in both groups. The mean IOP changes on postoperative day one (10.0 mmHg vs. 5.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) and day two (3.7 mmHg vs. 1.3 mmHg, p = 0.02) were significantly higher in the combined group. Phacovitrectomy is associated with a higher risk of IOP elevation during the early postoperative period than PPV alone. Caution should be exercised in patients who are vulnerable to IOP fluctuations when combined surgery is indicated.

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U2 - 10.3341/kjo.2010.24.6.341

DO - 10.3341/kjo.2010.24.6.341

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JO - Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO

JF - Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO

SN - 1011-8942

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