Purpose: To investigate intraocular pharmacokinetics of 10-fold dose of intravitreally injected ranibizumab compared with the conventional dose in an experimental model. Methods: Ranibizumab 30 μL at 10 mg/mL (conventional) and 100 mg/mL (10-fold) doses was injected separately into each eye of 28 rabbits. Ranibizumab concentrations in the aqueous humor, vitreous, and retina were estimated at each time period after injection, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The pharmacokinetic properties of ranibizumab were determined using a one-compartment model in all three ocular tissues. The time–concentration profile and predictive trends were plotted to determine drug efficacy in the retina. Results: Maximum concentrations after conventional and 10-fold dosing were observed in the retina at 1 and 4 days after injection, respectively. The half-life of ranibizumab after conventional and 10-fold dosing did not differ in the anterior chamber and vitreous, whereas the half-life was prolonged approximately twice with the 10-fold dose in the retina (36.74 h vs. 76.85 h) and serum (91.93 h vs. 179.01 h). Similarly, the estimated time for ranibizumab concentration in the retina over 27 ng/mL (minimum effective concentration of ranibizumab) was prolonged approximately twice with the 10-fold dose (1315 h [55 days] vs. 2393 h [100 days]). No adverse effects were observed in either group. Conclusions: The retinal half-life and concentration of ranibizumab in rabbit eyes were increased approximately twice after a 10-fold dose compared with the conventional dose. This finding indicates a possibility to lengthen the injection interval to improve the efficacy of ranibizumab in human eyes. Translational Relevance: Our results highlight the potential for clinical application of a high-dose (10-fold) of anti-VEGF agents to prolong the intravitreal injection intervals, simultaneously improving the drug efficacy.