International regulatory overview of electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


This document provides a description of country-level laws that regulate electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as either new/amended laws or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions related to the product (sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/ promotion/ sponsorship, and trademarks) and regulatory requirements (taxation, health warning labels, and child-safety standards). A range of regulatory approaches are currently being applied to e-cigarettes globally; however, many countries still regulate e-cigarettes using legislation not tailored specifically for e-cigarettes. Only a handful of countries levy a tax on e-cigarettes. Evidence on the harmful effects and benefits of e-cigarettes usage has not been clearly established yet. The regulatory treatment of heated tobacco products varies from country to country, with some classifying e-cigarettes and cigarettes under the same legislation, other countries treating e-cigarettes more favorably, and some jurisdictions banning them altogether. As the evidence base grows, we expect additional activity in the regulatory arena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Korean Medical Association
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • Electronic nicotine delivery systems
  • Nicotine
  • Policy
  • Tobacco

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