Incidence of spinal cord ischemia according to the patency of reimplanted segmental arteries during thoracoabdominal aortic replacement

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the impact of segmental artery reimplantation and its patency on spinal cord ischemia (SCI) in thoracoabdominal aorta replacement. METHODS: For 193 patients who underwent early postoperative computed tomographic (CT) angiography after thoracoabdominal aorta replacement, the technique of segmental artery reimplantation, their patency, and postoperative SCIwere retrospectively investigated. RESULTS: The early patency rate of reimplanted segmental artery was 83.3% (210 of 252), as 13 were taken down intraoperatively and 42 were not visualized in the postoperative CT angiography. The patency rate differed according to the reimplantation technique: 93.6% (131/140) for en bloc patch, 95.6% (43/45) for small individual patch, and 53.7% (36/67) for graft interposition. SCIoccurred in 13 (6.3%) patients, 4 of whom (2.0%) remained paraplegic permanently. SCI was significantly more frequent (P=0.044) in the patients in whom segmental artery reimplantation was not successful (take-down or occlusion, 6/37=16.2%) than in those who had all segmental arteries sacrificed intentionally (2/64=3.1%) and those who showed patency of all reimplanted segmental arteries (5/92=5.4%). Especially, there was no permanent paraplegia in the last group. Failure of intended segmental artery reimplantation was a significant risk factor of postoperative SCI in logistic regression analysis (P=0.012; odds ratio 4.65, 95% confidence interval 1.41-15.36). CONCLUSIONS: During thoracoabdominal aorta replacement, attention should be paid to the segmental artery reimplantation technique, which affects the risk of occlusion or intraoperative take-down and thereby may have impact on postoperative SCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Aorta
  • Paraplegia
  • Spinal cord ischemia

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