Impact of trained intensivist coverage on survival outcomes after in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A nationwide cohort study in South Korea

Tak Kyu Oh, Mincheul Cho, In Ae Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: We aimed to investigate whether trained intensivist coverage affects survival outcomes following in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ICPR) for in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). Methods: All adult patients who received ICPR for IHCA between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2019 in South Korea were included. Patients who received ICPR in hospitals with trained intensivist coverage for ICU staffing were defined as the intensivist group, whereas other patients were considered the non-intensivist group. Results: In total 68,286 adult patients (36,025 [52.8%] in the intensivist group and 32,261 [47.2%] in the non-intensivist group) were included in the analysis. After propensity score (PS) matching 40,988 patients (20,494 in each group) were included. In logistic regression after PS matching, the intensivist group showed a 17% (odds ratio: 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.12–1.22; P < 0.001) higher live discharge rate after ICPR than the non-intensivist group. In Cox regression after PS matching, the 6-month and the 1-year mortality rates in the intensivist group after ICPR were 11% (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.87–0.91; P < 0.001) and 10% (HR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.88–0.92; P < 0.001) lower than those in the non-intensivist group, respectively. In Kaplan–Meir estimation the median survival time after ICPR in the intensivist group was 12.0 days (95% CI: 11.6–12.4) while that in the non-intensivist group was 8.0 days (95% CI: 7.7–8.3). Conclusions: Trained intensivist coverage in the ICU was associated with improvements in both short and long-term survival outcomes after ICPR for IHCA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-77
Number of pages9
JournalResuscitation
Volume178
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Critical Care
  • Intensive care units
  • Resuscitation

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