Impact of Sleep Duration on Mortality and Quality of Life in Chronic Kidney Disease: Results from the 2007-2015 KNHANES

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Introduction: In the general population, short and long sleep durations have been associated with adverse health outcomes. However, this association remains unclear in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We examined the relationship of sleep duration to mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in individuals with CKD. Methods: A total of 1,783 adults with CKD who participated in the 2007-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL/min per 1.73 m. Participants were categorized into 3 groups according to self-reported sleep duration: <6 h (short sleepers), 6-8 h, and >8 h (long sleepers). The outcome variables were all-cause mortality and HRQOL. HRQOL was assessed using the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) index. Results: During a median of 6.4 years, 481 (27%) deaths occurred. In unadjusted Cox regression analysis, long sleepers with CKD had an increased risk of death (hazard ratio [HR], 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.26-2.09). This significant association remained after adjusting for age, sex, and BMI (HR, 1.36; 95% CI: 1.05-1.75); however, it was lost after adjusting for CKD stage, social and lifestyle factors, and presence of comorbidities (HR, 1.15; 95% CI: 0.89-1.49). Compared with 6- to 8-h sleepers with CKD, long sleepers with CKD had significantly worse HRQOL in multivariable linear regression models. The adjusted means of the EQ-5D index were 0.80 (95% CI: 0.77-0.82) for short sleepers, 0.81 (95% CI: 0.80-0.82) for 6- to 8-h sleepers, and 0.76 (95% CI: 0.73-0.79) for long sleepers (p = 0.01). Discussion/Conclusion: Long sleep duration is associated with poor HRQOL in Korean adults with CKD. The weak association between long sleep duration and mortality was attenuated after multivariable adjustment in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-403
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Mortality
  • Quality of life
  • Sleep duration


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