Impact of hemodynamic instability during cytoreductive surgery on survival in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma

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Abstract

Background: To evaluate the impact of intraoperative hypotension and hemodynamic instability on survival outcomes in patients with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). Methods: We retrospectively identified patients with HGSOC, who underwent primary or interval debulking surgery between August 2013 and December 2019. We collected anesthesia-related variables, including the arterial blood pressure measurements (at 1-min intervals) during the surgery of patients. The cumulative duration of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) readings under 65 mmHg and two performance measurements (median performance error [MDPE] and wobble) were calculated. We investigated associations between the factors indicating hemodynamic instability and prognosis. Results: In total, 338 patients were included. Based on the cumulative duration of MAP under 65 mmHg, we divided patients into two groups: ≥30 min and <30 min. The progression-free survival (PFS) was worse in the ≥30 min group (n = 107) than the <30 min group (n = 231) (median, 18.2 vs. 23.7 months; P = 0.014). In multivariate analysis adjusting for confounders, a duration of ≥30 min of MAP under 65 mmHg was identified as an independent poor prognostic factor for PFS (adjusted HR, 1.376; 95% CI, 1.035–1.830; P = 0.028). Shorter PFS was observed in the group with a MDPE <−4.0% (adjusted HR, 1.351; 95% CI, 1.024–1.783; P = 0.033) and a wobble ≥7.5% (adjusted HR, 1.445; 95% CI, 1.100–1.899; P = 0.008). However, no differences were observed in overall survival. Conclusion: This study suggests that the three intraoperative variables for hemodynamic instability, cumulative duration of MAP <65 mmHg, MDPE, and wobble, might be novel prognostic biomarkers for disease recurrence in patients with HGSOC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number965
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Genital neoplasms, female
  • High-grade serous carcinoma
  • Hypotension
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Prognosis
  • Surgery
  • Survival outcome

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