There have been limited studies on the association between prognosis and body weight change in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). This single-center retrospective observational study evaluated the impact of weight loss on outcomes in Korean patients with IPF receiving pirfenidone at a tertiary medical institution. We analyzed 215 IPF patients prescribed pirfenidone from January 1st, 2015 to December 31st, 2019. The patients were categorized into maintained weight (MW; weight gain or loss < 5%/year) and reduced weight (RW; weight loss ≥ 5%/year) groups. The mean age was 71.8 years and 175 (81.4%) were male. There were 54 (25.1%) patients in the RW group. All patients showed a decrease in body weight (baseline vs. after 1 year; 64.1 kg vs. 62.8 kg, P < 0.001). Although baseline lung function showed a difference, there was no difference in the rate of change (forced vital capacity [% of predicted]; P = 0.221, diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [% of predicted]; P = 0.973). The MW group had a lower risk of all-cause mortality (P < 0.001). Weight loss appeared to be a significant risk factor for mortality in patients with IPF. Not only disease control with antifibrotic agents, but also efforts to prevent weight loss may be necessary.