Hypernatremia is associated with poor long-term neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors

for the SNU CARE Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Brain oedema after cardiac arrest is strongly associated with poor neurological outcomes. Excessive sodium supplementation may increase serum osmolarity and facilitate brain oedema development in cardiac arrest survivors. We aimed to investigate the association of serum sodium levels with long-term neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. Methods: This retrospective observational study used a multicentre prospective cohort registry of OHCA survivors collected between December 2013 and February 2018. We analyzed the association of serum sodium levels at the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (Sodium 0H) and at 24 h after ROSC (Sodium 24H) with 1-year neurological outcomes in OHCA survivors. Patients with 1-year cerebral performance categories (CPC) 1 and 2 were included in the good outcome group while those with CPC 3, 4, and 5 were included in the poor outcome group. Results: Among 277 patients, 84 (30.3%) and 193 (69.7%) were in the good and poor outcome groups, respectively. Compared with the good outcome group, the poor outcome group showed significantly higher Sodium 24H levels (140 mEq/L vs. 137.4 mEq/L, p < 0.001). Increased serum sodium levels per 1 mEq/L increased the risk of poor 1-year CPC by 13% (adjusted odds ratio = 1.13; 95% CI, 1.04⎼1.23; p = 0.004). Conclusions: Relatively high Sodium 24H levels showed a strong and independent association with poor long-term neurological outcomes in OHCA survivors. These findings may be applied in therapeutic strategies for improving neurological outcomes in OHCA survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-36
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Hypernatremia
  • Hyponatremia
  • Neurological outcomes
  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
  • Post-cardiac arrest syndrome

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