Hepatic fibrosis is associated with an increased rate of decline in bone mineral density in men with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

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Abstract

Background: There is still controversy about the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this study was to clarify the association between NAFLD and the decline in BMD in healthcare examinees. Methods: Participants who underwent regular health check-ups with BMD and hepatic ultrasonography from 2006 to 2015 with more than one follow-up until 2020 were included. Propensity score matching was performed between the NAFLD group and the control group, and mixed linear regression models were used for the longitudinal analysis. Results: Of 2623 eligible participants (mean age 58.7 ± 7.3 years; males 31.3%), 888 (33.9%) had NAFLD. At baseline, the NAFLD group had a higher total hip BMD than the non-NAFLD group in men (0.988 vs. 1.015 g/cm2, p = 0.007); however, there was no difference in baseline BMD in women (p = 0.253). In longitudinal analysis during a follow-up period of 7.1 years, there was no significant difference in the BMD decline rate between the two groups in the PS-matched cohort (p = 0.816 in men and p = 0.827 in women). However, among men with NAFLD, those with a high and intermediate probability of advanced fibrosis by the FIB-4 showed a significantly increased rate of decline in total hip BMD compared to those with low scores (0.01 vs. − 0.19% change/year, p = 0.011). Conclusions: NAFLD was not associated with the total hip BMD decline rate. However, hepatic fibrosis was significantly associated with an increased rate of decline in total hip BMD in men with NAFLD. Clinical trial registration: This study is a retrospective observational study and is not a drug trial. There was no need for clinical trial registration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1347-1355
Number of pages9
JournalHepatology International
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Hepatic fibrosis
  • Hepatic steatosis

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