Graph theory approach for the structural-functional brain connectome of depression

Je Yeon Yun, Yong Ku Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

To decipher the organizational styles of neural underpinning in major depressive disorder (MDD), the current article reviewed recent neuroimaging studies (published during 2015–2020) that applied graph theory approach to the diffusion tensor imaging data or functional brain activation data acquired during task-free resting state. The global network organization of resting-state functional connectivity network in MDD were diverse according to the onset age and medication status. Intra-modular functional connections were weaker in MDD compared to healthy controls (HC) for default mode and limbic networks. Weaker local graph metrics of default mode, frontoparietal, and salience network components in MDD compared to HC were also found. On the contrary, brain regions comprising the limbic, sensorimotor, and subcortical networks showed higher local graph metrics in MDD compared to HC. For the brain white matter-based structural connectivity network, the global network organization was comparable to HC in adult MDD but was attenuated in late-life depression. Local graph metrics of limbic, salience, default-mode, subcortical, insular, and frontoparietal network components in structural connectome were affected from the severity of depressive symptoms, burden of perceived stress, and treatment effects. Collectively, the current review illustrated changed global network organization of structural and functional brain connectomes in MDD compared to HC and were varied according to the onset age and medication status. Intra-modular functional connectivity within the default mode and limbic networks were weaker in MDD compared to HC. Local graph metrics of structural connectome for MDD reflected severity of depressive symptom and perceived stress, and were also changed after treatments. Further studies that explore the graph metrics-based neural correlates of clinical features, cognitive styles, treatment response and prognosis in MDD are required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110401
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Volume111
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Brain connectome
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Graph theory approach
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Resting state functional connectivity

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