Genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer syndrome in Korean patients

Ja Young Seo, Jeong Yeal Ahn, Bhumsuk Keam, Miso Kim, Shinkyo Yoon, Jae Lyun Lee, Kwonoh Park, Inkeun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome. HLRCC is characterized by the development of cutaneous leiomyomas, early-onset uterine leiomyomas, and HLRCC-associated renal cell cancer (RCC) and caused by germline fumarate hydratase (FH) deficiency. We investigated the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of Korean patients with HLRCC. Methods: We performed direct sequencing analysis of FH in 13 patients with suspected HLRCC and their family members. A chromosomal microarray test was performed in female patients with negative sequencing results but highly suspected HLRCC. In addition, we analyzed the clinical characteristics and evaluated the genotype-phenotype correlations in Korean patients with HLRCC. Results: We identified six different pathogenic or likely pathogenic FH variants in six of the 13 patients (46.2%). The variants included two nonsense variants, two splicing variants, one frameshift variant, and one missense variant. Of the six variants, two (33.3%) were novel (c.132+1G>C, and c.243dup). RCC and early-onset uterine leiomyoma were frequently observed in families with HLRCC, while cutaneous leiomyoma was less common. No significant genotype-phenotype correlation was observed. Conclusions: We describe the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum in a small series of Korean patients with HLRCC. Our data reveal the unique characteristics of Korean patients with HLRCC and suggest a need for establishing an optimal diagnostic approach for them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-213
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of laboratory medicine
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • FH
  • Genotype
  • Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer
  • Korean
  • Novel variant
  • Phenotype

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