Genome-wide perturbations of Alu expression and Alu-associated post-transcriptional regulations distinguish oligodendroglioma from other gliomas

Taeyoung Hwang, Sojin Kim, Tamrin Chowdhury, Hyeon Jong Yu, Kyung Min Kim, Ho Kang, Jae Kyung Won, Sung Hye Park, Joo Heon Shin, Chul Kee Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alu is a primate-specific repeat element in the human genome and has been increasingly appreciated as a regulatory element in many biological processes. But the appreciation of Alu has been limited in tumorigenesis, especially for brain tumor. To investigate the relevance of Alu to the gliomagenesis, we studied Alu element-associated post-transcriptional processes and the RNA expression of the element by performing RNA-seq for a total of 41 pairs of neurotypical and diverse glioma brain tissues. We find that A-to-I editing and circular RNA levels, as well as Alu RNA expression, are decreased overall in gliomas, compared to normal tissue. Interestingly, grade 2 oligodendrogliomas are least affected in A-to-I editing and circular RNA levels among gliomas, whereas they have a higher proportion of down-regulated Alu subfamilies, compared to the other gliomas. These findings collectively imply a unique pattern of Alu-associated transcriptomes in grade 2 oligodendroglioma, providing an insight to gliomagenesis from the perspective of an evolutionary genetic element.

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
JournalCommunications biology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

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