Genome Editing of Golden SNP-Carrying Lycopene Epsilon-Cyclase (LcyE) Gene Using the CRSPR-Cas9/HDR and Geminiviral Replicon System in Rice

Jong Hee Kim, Jihyeon Yu, Hee Kyoung Kim, Jin Young Kim, Me Sun Kim, Yong Gu Cho, Sangsu Bae, Kwon Kyoo Kang, Yu Jin Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lycopene epsilon-cyclase (LcyE) is a key enzyme in the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of higher plants. Using the CRSPR/Cas9 and the geminiviral replicon, we optimized a method for targeted mutagenesis and golden SNP replacement of the LcyE gene in rice. We have exploited the geminiviral replicon amplification as a means to provide a large amount of donor template for the repair of a CRISPR-Cas-induced DNA double-strand break (DSB) in the target gene via homology-directed repair (HDR). Mutagenesis experiments performed on the Donggin variety achieved precise modification of the LcyE loci with an efficiency of up to 90%. In HDR experiments, our target was the LcyE allele (LcyE-H523L) derived from anther culture containing a golden SNP replacement. The phenotype of the homologous recombination (HR) mutant obtained through the geminiviral replicon-based template delivery system was tangerine color, and the frequency was 1.32% of the transformed calli. In addition, the total carotenoid content of the LcyEsg2-HDR1 and LcyEsg2-HDR2 lines was 6.8–9.6 times higher than that of the wild-type (WT) calli, respectively. The reactive oxygen species content was lower in the LcyEsg2-HDR1 and LcyEsg2-HDR2 lines. These results indicate that efficient HDR can be achieved in the golden SNP replacement using a single and modular configuration applicable to different rice targets and other crops. This work demonstrates the potential to replace all genes with elite alleles within one generation and greatly expands our ability to improve agriculturally important traits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10383
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • CRISPR-Cas9
  • LcyE
  • geminiviral replicons
  • gene replacement
  • genome editing
  • homology-directed repair (HDR)
  • rice

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