Human platelet-specific antigens (HPAs) are found on platelet membrane glycoproteins and are the target of platelet alloantibodies that mediate platelet destruction in neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), post-transfusion purpura (PTP) and refractoriness to platelet transfusion therapy. The biallelic polymorphism of all HPA systems is known to be due to a substitution of a single base pair. This study was performed to investigate the frequency of the HPA genes in Koreans, based on these substitutions. The genotypes of eight HPA systems were determined by polymerase chain reaction using sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) for HPA-1, -2, -4, -5, and -8 and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) for HPA-3, -6, and -7. The gene frequencies obtained from 200 unrelated Koreans were 0.99 and 0.01 for HPA-1a and -1b, 0.92 and 0.08 for HPA-2a and -2b, 0.55 and 0.45 for HPA-3a and -3b, 0.99 and 0.01 for HPA-4a and -4b, 0.98 and 0.02 for HPA-5a and -5b, and 0.98 and 0.02 for HPA-6a and -6b. All the individuals tested were homozygotes for HPA-7a and HPA-8a. It has been reported that the HPA-1b antigen is extremely rare (less than 0.3%) in Oriental populations, but this study suggests that the frequency of this antigen in Koreans (2.0%) is higher than in Japanese and Chinese populations.
- Gene frequency
- Human platelet-specific antigens