Objectives: To compare the changes in the functional level of patients with versus without sarcopenia who received by fragility fracture integrated rehabilitation management (FIRM) after hip fracture (HF) surgery over a 6-month follow-up period and to identify variables influencing independent ambulation (IA) at 6 months after HF. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Three in-hospital rehabilitation setting. Participants: Patients older than 65 years of age (N=80) categorized by the presence of sarcopenia. Intervention: The FIRM program during the-2 week hospital stay after surgery. Measurements: Main outcomes for ambulatory function (Koval score, Functional Ambulatory Category) and other secondary outcomes were measured at rehabilitation admission, at discharge, at 3 months and 6 months after surgery. Other secondary outcomes were measured. The possibility of IA at 6 months after surgery were also investigated. Results: Sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia patients did not differ significantly in terms of changes in ambulation or other functions over a 6-month follow-up (p < 0.001 or p = 0.001). The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of final functional status (6 months). The IA ratios of the two groups did not significantly differ at 6 months after surgery (sarcopenia [54.3%] and non-sarcopenia [64.5%]). IA before fracture (p = 0.039) and age (≥80 years) (p = 0.03) were independent predictors and sarcopenia was not a predictor for the possibility of IA at 6-months after surgery. Conclusions: The FIRM program was effective for promoting functional recovery in older patients with fragility HF, either with or without sarcopenia. The present findings provide evidence of the pressing need for integrated rehabilitation management in fragility fracture care to improve functional recovery in patients with sarcopenia.
- Clinical pathways
- hip fractures