First familial cases of P102L Gerstmann–Sträussler–Scheinker syndrome in South Korea: diffusion-weighted imaging might reflect intrafamilial phenotypic variability

Seon Jae Ahn, Han Sang Lee, Jangsup Moon, Kon Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) is a rare genetic prion disease. Unlike sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, GSS has diverse clinical phenotypes, including slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia. Due to this clinical feature and the extreme rarity of GSS, the disease can be misdiagnosed as hereditary cerebellar ataxia. Case report: We present the first familial cases of GSS in South Korea. Previously affected family members were misdiagnosed with hereditary cerebellar ataxia. Two siblings (patients #1 and #2) of this family were genetically diagnosed with P102L mutation GSS. Another sibling (patient #3) was not genetically confirmed, but based on the clinical course and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), the diagnosis of GSS will be certain. Despite the same genetic mutation, these siblings showed different clinical phenotypes of GSS. Conclusions: We genetically confirmed familial cases of GSS in South Korea. Although the disease is extremely rare, the PRNP gene test should be considered in undiagnosed autosomal dominant hereditary cerebellar ataxia. Phenotypical variability of GSS may be reflected in DWI of the early phase of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3419-3422
Number of pages4
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Cerebellar ataxia
  • Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease
  • Prion disease
  • RT-QUIC

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