FcγRIII engagement provides activating signals to NKT cells in antibody-induced joint inflammation

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Abstract

NKT cells promote antibody-induced arthritis, but the mechanism by which NKT cells are activated in this model remains unclear. It has been proposed that Fcγ receptor (FcγR) contributes to NKT cell activation in antibody-induced arthritis. To address this issue, we explored the functions of FcγR on NKT cells in antibody-induced arthritis. RT-PCR and flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that NKT cells constitutively express surface FcγRIII but not FcγRI, -II, or -IV. FcγRIII engagement by aggregated IgG on NKT cells enhanced CD25 and CD69 expression, whereas FcγR -/- mouse NKT cells did not enhance activation. FcγRIII engagement on NKT cells enhanced the production of IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, and IFN-γ, whereas FcγR-deficient NKT cells did not alter the production of these cytokines after aggregated IgG treatment. However, FcγR-deficient NKT cells were functionally intact in terms of TCR-induced activation. Moreover, adoptive transfer of FcγR-deficient NKT cells could not restore inflammation or TGF-β production in the joint tissues of CD1d -/- mice, whereas adoptive transfer of wild-type NKT cells induced arthritis and reduced TGF-β production in joint tissues. We conclude that FcγRIII engagement by IgG in joint tissues provides activating signals to NKT cells in antibody-induced arthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2484-2492
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume116
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2006

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Natural Killer T-Cells
Joints
Inflammation
Antibodies
Fc Receptors
Arthritis
Adoptive Transfer
Immunoglobulin G
Interleukin-13
Interleukin-4
Interleukin-10

Cite this

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title = "FcγRIII engagement provides activating signals to NKT cells in antibody-induced joint inflammation",
abstract = "NKT cells promote antibody-induced arthritis, but the mechanism by which NKT cells are activated in this model remains unclear. It has been proposed that Fcγ receptor (FcγR) contributes to NKT cell activation in antibody-induced arthritis. To address this issue, we explored the functions of FcγR on NKT cells in antibody-induced arthritis. RT-PCR and flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that NKT cells constitutively express surface FcγRIII but not FcγRI, -II, or -IV. FcγRIII engagement by aggregated IgG on NKT cells enhanced CD25 and CD69 expression, whereas FcγR -/- mouse NKT cells did not enhance activation. FcγRIII engagement on NKT cells enhanced the production of IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, and IFN-γ, whereas FcγR-deficient NKT cells did not alter the production of these cytokines after aggregated IgG treatment. However, FcγR-deficient NKT cells were functionally intact in terms of TCR-induced activation. Moreover, adoptive transfer of FcγR-deficient NKT cells could not restore inflammation or TGF-β production in the joint tissues of CD1d -/- mice, whereas adoptive transfer of wild-type NKT cells induced arthritis and reduced TGF-β production in joint tissues. We conclude that FcγRIII engagement by IgG in joint tissues provides activating signals to NKT cells in antibody-induced arthritis.",
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FcγRIII engagement provides activating signals to NKT cells in antibody-induced joint inflammation. / Kim, Hye Young; Kim, Sanghee; Chung, Doohyun.

In: Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 116, No. 9, 01.09.2006, p. 2484-2492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - NKT cells promote antibody-induced arthritis, but the mechanism by which NKT cells are activated in this model remains unclear. It has been proposed that Fcγ receptor (FcγR) contributes to NKT cell activation in antibody-induced arthritis. To address this issue, we explored the functions of FcγR on NKT cells in antibody-induced arthritis. RT-PCR and flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that NKT cells constitutively express surface FcγRIII but not FcγRI, -II, or -IV. FcγRIII engagement by aggregated IgG on NKT cells enhanced CD25 and CD69 expression, whereas FcγR -/- mouse NKT cells did not enhance activation. FcγRIII engagement on NKT cells enhanced the production of IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, and IFN-γ, whereas FcγR-deficient NKT cells did not alter the production of these cytokines after aggregated IgG treatment. However, FcγR-deficient NKT cells were functionally intact in terms of TCR-induced activation. Moreover, adoptive transfer of FcγR-deficient NKT cells could not restore inflammation or TGF-β production in the joint tissues of CD1d -/- mice, whereas adoptive transfer of wild-type NKT cells induced arthritis and reduced TGF-β production in joint tissues. We conclude that FcγRIII engagement by IgG in joint tissues provides activating signals to NKT cells in antibody-induced arthritis.

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