Fate of Patients With Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms of Pancreas After Resection According to the Pathology and Margin Status: Continuously Increasing Risk of Recurrence Even After Curative Resection Suggesting Necessity of Lifetime Surveillance

Hyeong Seok Kim, Youngmin Han, Jae Seung Kang, Yoo Jin Choi, Yoonhyeong Byun, Haeryoung Kim, Kyung Bun Lee, Hongbeom Kim, Wooil Kwon, Jin Young Jang

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study evaluated the associated factors and prognosis according to pathology and margin after surgical resection of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN). Background: There is limited information on recurrence patterns according to pathology and margin in IPMN. Methods: Total 577 patients who underwent operation for IPMN at a tertiary center were included. Factors associated with recurrence, survival, and recurrence outcomes according to pathology and margin were analyzed. Results: Among 548 patients analyzed, 353 had low-grade dysplasia (LGD), 78 had high-grade dysplasia (HGD), and 117 had invasive IPMN. Total 50 patients developed recurrences, with 4 resection margins, 10 remnant pancreas, 11 locoregional, and 35 distant recurrences. Invasive IPMN showed worse 5-year cumulative recurrence risk (LGD vs HGD vs invasive: 0.7% vs 4.3% vs 37.6%, P < 0.001) and 5-year survival rate (89.0% vs 84.0% vs 48.4%, P < 0.001). Recurrence risk increased after 5 years, even in LGD and HGD. Malignant margin (HGD and invasive) had worse 5-year cumulative recurrence rate (R0 vs LGD vs malignant: 8.3% vs 5.9% vs 50.6%, P < 0.001) and 5-year survival rate (80.7% vs 83.0% vs 30.8%, P < 0.001). Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 >37 (P = 0.003), invasive IPMN (P < 0.001), and malignant margin (P = 0.036) were associated with recurrence. Conclusions: Invasive IPMN developed more recurrences and had worse survival than LGD or HGD, indicating the need for more efficient postoperative treatment strategies. Patients with LGD and HGD also need regular follow-up for recurrence after 5 years. Malignant margins need additional resection to achieve negative or at least LGD margin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E231-E238
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume276
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm
  • margin
  • pathology
  • recurrence
  • survival

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