Expression of neurotrophic factors, tight junction proteins, and cytokines according to the irritable bowel syndrome subtype and sex

Ju Yup Lee, Nayoung Kim, Ji Hyun Park, Ryoung Hee Nam, Sun Min Lee, Chin Hee Song, Geun Kim, Hee Young Na, Yoon Jin Choi, Jin Joo Kim, Dong Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Aims Emerging evidence shows that the mechanism of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with neurotrophic factors and tight junction proteins (TJPs). It is known that there are sex differences in the pathophysiology of IBS. The aim of the present study is to determine expression levels of neurotrophic factors, TJPs, and cytokines according to IBS subtype and sex. Methods From 59 IBS (33 IBS-constipation, 21 IBS-diarrhea, and 5 IBS-mixed) and 36 control patients, colonic mucosa mRNA expression levels of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1), nerve growth factor (NGF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and various TJPs were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Western blot was performed to determine levels of zonular occludens-1 (ZO-1). Serum levels of cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results TRPV1, GDNF, and NGF mRNA levels were significantly increased in those with IBS-constipation compared to those in controls (all P < 0.05). However, they showed no significant difference between those with IBS-diarrhea and controls. Expression level of TRPV1 correlated with that of GDNF (r = 0.741, P < 0.001) and NGF (r = 0.935, P < 0.001). ZO-1 RNA expression levels were lower (P = 0.021) in female IBS-diarrhea than those in controls, although they showed no significant differences between male IBS-diarrhea and controls. Serum IL-1β levels in female IBS were significantly higher than those of male IBS, especially in IBS-constipation (P < 0.001). Conclusion Our results suggest that neurotrophic factors and IL-1β are closely related to IBS-constipation and that decrease of ZO-1 is an important factor in female with IBS-diarrhea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-116
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Sex
  • Subtype
  • Tight junctions

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