Exosomal miR-193a and let-7g accelerate cancer progression on primary colorectal cancer and paired peritoneal metastatic cancer

Woo Cheol Cho, Minjung Kim, Ji Won Park, Seung Yong Jeong, Ja Lok Ku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A metastasis of colorectal cancer is difficult to diagnose, and has a poor prognosis. Therefore, we tried to elucidate the possibility of a diagnostic and prognostic marker. Exosomal miR-193a and let-7g were sorted by miRNA microarray. The expression of miR-193a in the PTM group was lower than that of the primary CRC group, and the expression of let-7g was higher than that of the primary CRC. MMP16 and CDKN1A expression was confirmed respectively for target genes of two miRNAs. When the mimics of these miRNAs were treated with cell lines, both MMP16 and CDKN1A decreased intracellular expression. Cell invasiveness and proliferation were decreased by miR-193a and increased by let-7g. The differences in expression of exosomal miR-193a and let-7g extracted from the plasma of patients were classified as cancer progression indicators. Furthermore, the survival rate decreased in the group with low miR-193a expression and high let-7g expression. Our study confirmed the possibility of using this as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for colorectal cancer by measuring the expression levels of exosomal miR-193a and let-7g in blood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101000
JournalTranslational Oncology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer (CRC)
  • Exosome
  • Peritoneal metastasis (PTM)
  • let-7g
  • miR-193a

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