Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the University of North Carolina (UNC) OCT Index based on Cirrus high-definition OCT to discriminate early glaucomatous eyes from normal eyes in clinical practice. Design: Evaluation of diagnostic test or technology. Participants: Ninety-eight patients with early glaucoma and 98 age-matched normal subjects. Methods: Macular ganglion cell–inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, and optic nerve head parameters were measured in each subject. The measurements were run through the UNC OCT algorithm to compare their diagnostic abilities. Main Outcome Measures: Area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic and sensitivity at 95% specificity. Results: The AUC of the UNC OCT Index was 0.974. The best AUCs of the single parameters were those of the minimum GCIPL (0.926) of the macular GCIPL, average RNFL (0.916) of the peripapillary RNFL, and rim area (0.964) of the optic nerve head. The AUC of the UNC OCT Index was significantly greater than those of the minimum GCIPL and average RNFL (all P values < 0.05), and also outperformed the rim area. The sensitivity value of the UNC OCT Index (90.8) was greater than that of single OCT parameters (minimum GCIPL, 42.9; average RNFL, 64.3; rim area, 84.7) at 95% specificity. Conclusions: The diagnostic performance of the UNC OCT Index in discriminating early glaucomatous eyes from normal eyes is high and exceeds the best optic nerve head, peripapillary RNFL, and macular GCIPL parameters in clinical practice.
- Early glaucoma
- University of North Carolina OCT Index