The aim of this study was to evaluate conventional and modified aerosol boxes in terms of intubation time, first-pass intubation success, and mouth-to-mouth distance between the laryngoscopist and patient during tracheal intubation in simulated patients with normal and difficult airways. Sixteen anesthesiologists performed tracheal intubations with direct laryngoscope or three different videolaryngoscopes (McGRATH MAC videolaryngoscope, C-MAC videolaryngoscope, and Pentax-AWS) without an aerosol box or with a conventional or a modified aerosol boxes in simulated manikins with normal and difficult airways. Intubation time, first-pass intubation success, and mouth-to-mouth distance during tracheal intubation were recorded. Compared to no aerosol box, the use of a conventional aerosol box significantly increased intubation time in both normal and difficult airways (Bonferroni-corrected P-value (Pcorrected) = 0.005 and Pcorrected = 0.003, respectively). Intubation time was significantly shorter with the modified aerosol box than with the conventional one for both normal and difficult airways (Pcorrected = 0.003 and Pcorrected = 0.011, respectively). However, no significant differences were found in intubation time between no aerosol box and the modified aerosol box for normal and difficult airways (Pcorrected = 0.336 and Pcorrected = 0.112, respectively). The use of conventional or modified aerosol boxes significantly extended the mouth-to-mouth distances compared to not using an aerosol box during tracheal intubation with each laryngoscope (all Pcorrected < 0.05), and the distances were not different between the conventional and modified boxes in normal and difficult airways. The use of modified aerosol box did not increase intubation time and could help maintain a distance from the simulated patients with normal and difficult airways.
- Aerosol box