Evaluation of sarcopenia in patients with distal radius fractures

Young Hak Roh, Young Do Koh, Jung Ho Noh, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Bawk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with distal radius fracture (DRF) than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass index in men and weaker grip strength in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF. Introduction: Sarcopenia is a core component of physical frailty that predisposes older people to falls and negatively impacts the activities of daily living. The objectives of this study were to compare the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with DRF with that in age- and sex-matched controls without DRF; and evaluate the association between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Methods: We prospectively recruited 132 patients over 50 years of age who sustained DRF due to fall and 132 age- and sex-matched controls without DRF. A definition of sarcopenia was based on the consensus of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Sarcopenic components including appendicular lean body mass, grip strength, and gait speed were compared between the two groups. Other factors assessed for the occurrence of DRF were age, gender, body mass index (BMI), lumbar, and hip bone mineral density (BMD) values. A conditional logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the associations between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Results: A total of 39 (30%) of 132 DRF patients were sarcopenic, whereas 23 (17%) of the 132 controls were within the sarcopenic criteria (p = 0.048). The patient group had significantly lower lean body mass and weaker grip strength than those of the control group. However, there was no significant difference in gait speed between the two groups. According to regression analysis, lower appendicular mass index in men was associated with an increased incidence of DRF (odds ratio [OR] = 0.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.72, 0.95) while weaker grip strength and lower total hip BMD values were associated with the occurrence of DRF in both men (OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.63, 0.92; and OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.64, 0.94, respectively) and women (OR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.64, 0.93, and OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.52, 0.92, respectively). Conclusions: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with DRF than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass in men, weaker grip strength, and lower hip BMD in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
JournalArchives of Osteoporosis
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

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Sarcopenia
Radius Fractures
Hand Strength
Pelvic Bones
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Bone Density
Regression Analysis
Activities of Daily Living

Keywords

  • Distal radius fracture
  • Grip strength
  • Lean body mass
  • Osteoporosis
  • Sarcopenia

Cite this

@article{dae473c926c742888beac76f2c9da139,
title = "Evaluation of sarcopenia in patients with distal radius fractures",
abstract = "Summary: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with distal radius fracture (DRF) than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass index in men and weaker grip strength in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF. Introduction: Sarcopenia is a core component of physical frailty that predisposes older people to falls and negatively impacts the activities of daily living. The objectives of this study were to compare the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with DRF with that in age- and sex-matched controls without DRF; and evaluate the association between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Methods: We prospectively recruited 132 patients over 50 years of age who sustained DRF due to fall and 132 age- and sex-matched controls without DRF. A definition of sarcopenia was based on the consensus of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Sarcopenic components including appendicular lean body mass, grip strength, and gait speed were compared between the two groups. Other factors assessed for the occurrence of DRF were age, gender, body mass index (BMI), lumbar, and hip bone mineral density (BMD) values. A conditional logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the associations between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Results: A total of 39 (30{\%}) of 132 DRF patients were sarcopenic, whereas 23 (17{\%}) of the 132 controls were within the sarcopenic criteria (p = 0.048). The patient group had significantly lower lean body mass and weaker grip strength than those of the control group. However, there was no significant difference in gait speed between the two groups. According to regression analysis, lower appendicular mass index in men was associated with an increased incidence of DRF (odds ratio [OR] = 0.84, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 0.72, 0.95) while weaker grip strength and lower total hip BMD values were associated with the occurrence of DRF in both men (OR = 0.77, 95{\%} CI = 0.63, 0.92; and OR = 0.79, 95{\%} CI = 0.64, 0.94, respectively) and women (OR = 0.78, 95{\%} CI = 0.64, 0.93, and OR = 0.73, 95{\%} CI = 0.52, 0.92, respectively). Conclusions: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with DRF than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass in men, weaker grip strength, and lower hip BMD in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF.",
keywords = "Distal radius fracture, Grip strength, Lean body mass, Osteoporosis, Sarcopenia",
author = "Roh, {Young Hak} and Koh, {Young Do} and Noh, {Jung Ho} and Gong, {Hyun Sik} and Bawk, {Goo Hyun}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
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doi = "10.1007/s11657-016-0303-2",
language = "English",
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journal = "Archives of Osteoporosis",
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Evaluation of sarcopenia in patients with distal radius fractures. / Roh, Young Hak; Koh, Young Do; Noh, Jung Ho; Gong, Hyun Sik; Bawk, Goo Hyun.

In: Archives of Osteoporosis, Vol. 12, No. 1, 5, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of sarcopenia in patients with distal radius fractures

AU - Roh, Young Hak

AU - Koh, Young Do

AU - Noh, Jung Ho

AU - Gong, Hyun Sik

AU - Bawk, Goo Hyun

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Summary: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with distal radius fracture (DRF) than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass index in men and weaker grip strength in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF. Introduction: Sarcopenia is a core component of physical frailty that predisposes older people to falls and negatively impacts the activities of daily living. The objectives of this study were to compare the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with DRF with that in age- and sex-matched controls without DRF; and evaluate the association between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Methods: We prospectively recruited 132 patients over 50 years of age who sustained DRF due to fall and 132 age- and sex-matched controls without DRF. A definition of sarcopenia was based on the consensus of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Sarcopenic components including appendicular lean body mass, grip strength, and gait speed were compared between the two groups. Other factors assessed for the occurrence of DRF were age, gender, body mass index (BMI), lumbar, and hip bone mineral density (BMD) values. A conditional logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the associations between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Results: A total of 39 (30%) of 132 DRF patients were sarcopenic, whereas 23 (17%) of the 132 controls were within the sarcopenic criteria (p = 0.048). The patient group had significantly lower lean body mass and weaker grip strength than those of the control group. However, there was no significant difference in gait speed between the two groups. According to regression analysis, lower appendicular mass index in men was associated with an increased incidence of DRF (odds ratio [OR] = 0.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.72, 0.95) while weaker grip strength and lower total hip BMD values were associated with the occurrence of DRF in both men (OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.63, 0.92; and OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.64, 0.94, respectively) and women (OR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.64, 0.93, and OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.52, 0.92, respectively). Conclusions: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with DRF than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass in men, weaker grip strength, and lower hip BMD in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF.

AB - Summary: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with distal radius fracture (DRF) than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass index in men and weaker grip strength in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF. Introduction: Sarcopenia is a core component of physical frailty that predisposes older people to falls and negatively impacts the activities of daily living. The objectives of this study were to compare the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with DRF with that in age- and sex-matched controls without DRF; and evaluate the association between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Methods: We prospectively recruited 132 patients over 50 years of age who sustained DRF due to fall and 132 age- and sex-matched controls without DRF. A definition of sarcopenia was based on the consensus of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Sarcopenic components including appendicular lean body mass, grip strength, and gait speed were compared between the two groups. Other factors assessed for the occurrence of DRF were age, gender, body mass index (BMI), lumbar, and hip bone mineral density (BMD) values. A conditional logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the associations between sarcopenia and the occurrence of DRF. Results: A total of 39 (30%) of 132 DRF patients were sarcopenic, whereas 23 (17%) of the 132 controls were within the sarcopenic criteria (p = 0.048). The patient group had significantly lower lean body mass and weaker grip strength than those of the control group. However, there was no significant difference in gait speed between the two groups. According to regression analysis, lower appendicular mass index in men was associated with an increased incidence of DRF (odds ratio [OR] = 0.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.72, 0.95) while weaker grip strength and lower total hip BMD values were associated with the occurrence of DRF in both men (OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.63, 0.92; and OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.64, 0.94, respectively) and women (OR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.64, 0.93, and OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.52, 0.92, respectively). Conclusions: Sarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with DRF than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass in men, weaker grip strength, and lower hip BMD in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF.

KW - Distal radius fracture

KW - Grip strength

KW - Lean body mass

KW - Osteoporosis

KW - Sarcopenia

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U2 - 10.1007/s11657-016-0303-2

DO - 10.1007/s11657-016-0303-2

M3 - Article

C2 - 28004299

AN - SCOPUS:85006822776

VL - 12

JO - Archives of Osteoporosis

JF - Archives of Osteoporosis

SN - 1862-3522

IS - 1

M1 - 5

ER -