Evaluation of maximum standardized uptake value at fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography as a complementary T factor in the eighth edition of lung cancer stage classification

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Abstract

Objectives: This retrospective cohort study aimed to analyze the prognostic effect of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) as a complementary T factor in addition to the clinical T category of the eighth-edition staging system for the prediction of disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with resected lung adenocarcinomas. Materials and methods: A total of 572 patients (male:female = 235:337; median age, 64 years) with clinical stage I (T1-T2aN0M0) adenocarcinomas underwent preoperative fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and subsequent lobectomy between 2009 and 2015. The prognostic values of SUVmax and PETT category [categorized SUVmax; PETT1 (SUVmax ≤2), PETT2 (2< SUVmax ≤7), and PETT3 (SUVmax >7)] in conjunction with the clinical T category were analyzed using a multivariable Cox regression and a likelihood-ratio test, respectively. The clinical T category was then upstaged or downstaged (cTModified) based on PETT. This new categorization system was evaluated using a Cox regression and then compared with the clinical T category. Results: Multivariable-adjusted Cox regression revealed that SUVmax and PETT were independent and significant predictors with the current clinical T category for DFS. Regarding SUVmax, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 1.048 (95% CI: 1.009, 1.089; P = 0.017). Regarding PETT, the adjusted HRs were 2.365 (95% CI: 1.034, 5.406; P = 0.041) in PETT2 and 3.005 (95% CI: 1.258, 7.179; P = 0.013) in PETT3. The inclusion of the PET-derived factors substantially improved the model fit (P < 0.05). cTModified was a significant predictor of DFS, which improved the prognostic discrimination of lung adenocarcinomas. Conclusion: SUVmax and PETT are independent prognostic factors after adjustment for the clinical T category. The PETT category could be used to adjust the clinical T category preoperatively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-157
Number of pages7
JournalLung Cancer
Volume134
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Neoplasm staging
  • Positron emission tomography computed tomography
  • Standardized uptake value
  • T category

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