Epidemiology of pediatric visits to the emergency department due to foreign body injuries in South Korea: Nationwide cross-sectional study

Joong Wan Park, Jin Hee Jung, Young Ho Kwak, Jae Yun Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Foreign body (FB) injuries mainly occur in young children and may cause serious complications. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of FB injuries among children visiting the emergency department (ED) in South Korea and to compare the incidence and the ED results of FB injuries.Using data from the National Emergency Department Information System, FB injury-related ED visits among children (<7 years) between January 2010 and December 2014 were included. Epidemiological characteristics were analyzed in different age groups, and metropolises were compared with provinces regarding the incidence of ED visits, admission, and transfer of patients with FB injuries.In total, 51,406 pediatric patients with FB injuries visited 118 EDs over 5 years, and the annual incidence of FB injuries among children increased throughout the study period (215.1-436.5 per 100,000 population [<7 years], P for trend <.001). The most common anatomical site of the FB injury was the nose (18,479; 36.0%), followed by the pharynx (10,285; 20.0%). The most common age of patients was 1 year for alimentary tract, 2 years for nose, 1 year for respiratory tract, and 4 years for ear FB injuries. The overall admission rate was 1.8%, and the ICU admission rate was 0.04%. Four deaths occurred, and all of them were caused by respiratory FB injuries. The incidence of transfer of patients with FB injuries to other hospitals was higher in provinces than in metropolises.The incidence of FB injury-related ED visits among children younger than 7 years old in South Korea has been high and has been increasing recently. In particular, the incidence of FB injuries of the alimentary and respiratory tracts was high, especially around the age of 1. Preventive measures should be taken to decrease FB injuries among young children in South Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e15838
JournalMedicine
Volume98
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Ear
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Female
  • Foreign Bodies/complications
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Nose
  • Republic of Korea/epidemiology
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology

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