Background and objectives Exposure to environmental chemicals has been recognized as one of the possible contributors to CKD. We aimed to identify environmental chemicals that are associated With CKD. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We analyzed the data obtained from a total of 46,748 adults Who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999–2016). Associations of chemicals measured in urine or blood (n=262) With albuminuria (urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≤30 mg/g), reduced eGFR (<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2), and a composite of albuminuria or reduced eGFR Were tested and validated using the environment-wide association study approach. Results Among 262 environmental chemicals, seven (3%) chemicals showed significant associations With increased risk of albuminuria, reduced eGFR, or the composite outcome. These chemicals included metals and other chemicals that have not previously been associated With CKD. Serum and urine cotinines, blood 2,5dimethylfuran (a volatile organic compound), and blood cadmium Were associated With albuminuria. Blood lead and cadmium Were associated With reduced eGFR. Blood cadmium and lead and three volatile compounds (blood 2,5-dimethylfuran, blood furan, and urinary phenylglyoxylic acid) Were associatedwith the composite outcome. A total of 23 chemicals, including serum perfluorooctanoic acid, seven urinary metals, three urinary arsenics, urinary nitrate and thiocyanate, three urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and seven volatile organic compounds, Were associated With lower risks of one or more manifestations of CKD. Conclusions A number of chemicals Were identified as potential risk factors for CKD among the general population.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - 8 Jun 2020|