Electrochemical detection of uric acid in undiluted human saliva using uricase paper integrated electrodes

Seong Hyun Han, You Jung Ha, Eun Ha Kang, Kichul Shin, Yun Jong Lee, Gi Ja Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we introduce a uricase-immobilized paper (UOx­-paper) integrated electrochemical sensor for detection of uric acid (UA) in saliva. The UOx was immobilized on the detection zone in the wax-patterned paper substrate. This UOx-paper was integrated with a Prussian blue­-modified, screen-printed carbon electrode after electropolymerization of o-phenylenediamine to construct an electrochemical cell for small-volume (20 μL) of samples. First, we optimized the fabrication conditions of UOx-paper. Next, the amperometric response of the UOx-paper-based electrochemical UA sensor was analyzed using a known concentration of UA standard solution in artificial saliva at an applied potential of − 0.1 V (versus Ag pseudo-reference electrode). The UOx-­paper based electrochemical UA sensor showed a sensitivity of 4.9 μA·mM−1 in a linear range of 50 to 1000 μM (R2 = 0.998), high selectivity and good reproducibility, as well as a limit of detection of 18.7 μM (0.31 mg/dL) UA. Finally, we quantified the UA levels in undiluted saliva samples of healthy controls (n = 20) and gout patients (n = 8). The levels were correlated with those measured with conventional salivary UA enzymatic assays as well as serum UA levels. The UOx-paper-based electrochemical UA sensor is a user-friendly and convenient tool to assess salivary UA levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12033
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


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