Efficacy of Polytetrafluoroethylene/Polylactide-co-glycolide (PTFE/PLGA) Laminate and PTFE/PLGA Laminate Containing Slow-Releasing Thalidomide in Delayed Adjustable Strabismus Surgery in a Rabbit Model

Sang Beom Han, Joo Hoon Kim, Hee Kyung Yang, Jeong-Min Hwang

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of polytetrafluoroethylene/polylactide-co-glycolide (PTFE/PLGA) laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide for delayed adjustable strabismus surgery. Methods: This is a prospective, masked-observer, controlled study using 50 eyes of 25 rabbits. After superior rectus muscle (SRM) recession, a PTFE/PLGA laminate containing thalidomide (group PT, 20 eyes), PTFE/PLGA laminate alone (group P, 20 eyes), or no barrier (group C, 10 eyes) were applied around the SRM. Delayed adjustment was performed at postoperative 3 or 5 weeks. Adjustability, adjustment lengths, adjustment forces, and degrees of adhesion were evaluated. Results: Both groups PT and P showed significantly better adjustability compared to group C at both 3 weeks (100%, 80%, and 0%, respectively) and 5 weeks (100%, 90%, and 0%, respectively). Between groups PT and P, adjustability, adjustment lengths, and forces were not significantly different at 3 and 5 weeks. Group PT showed a significantly lower grade of adhesion between SRM and sclera (SRM/S) compared to group C at both 3 weeks (p = 0.007) and 5 weeks (p = 0.001, respectively). Group P showed no significant difference in adhesion between SRM/S compared to group C at 3 weeks (p= 0.302) but had a lower grade of adhesion after 5 weeks (p = 0.007). There was no significant difference between groups PT and P at 3 weeks (p= 0.143) and 5 weeks (p= 0.716). Conclusions: PTFE/PLGA laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide was effective in reducing adhesion and allowed delayed adjustment in all eyes. However, PTFE/PLGA laminate alone was also equally effective in reducing adhesion compared to controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)806-812
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2019

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Thalidomide
Strabismus
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Rabbits
Muscles
Sclera
poly(lactide)
polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid copolymer

Keywords

  • Adjustable
  • polylactide-co-glycolide
  • polytetrafluoroethylene
  • strabismus
  • thalidomide

Cite this

@article{324846abd25d4566a32f39b40fb28945,
title = "Efficacy of Polytetrafluoroethylene/Polylactide-co-glycolide (PTFE/PLGA) Laminate and PTFE/PLGA Laminate Containing Slow-Releasing Thalidomide in Delayed Adjustable Strabismus Surgery in a Rabbit Model",
abstract = "Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of polytetrafluoroethylene/polylactide-co-glycolide (PTFE/PLGA) laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide for delayed adjustable strabismus surgery. Methods: This is a prospective, masked-observer, controlled study using 50 eyes of 25 rabbits. After superior rectus muscle (SRM) recession, a PTFE/PLGA laminate containing thalidomide (group PT, 20 eyes), PTFE/PLGA laminate alone (group P, 20 eyes), or no barrier (group C, 10 eyes) were applied around the SRM. Delayed adjustment was performed at postoperative 3 or 5 weeks. Adjustability, adjustment lengths, adjustment forces, and degrees of adhesion were evaluated. Results: Both groups PT and P showed significantly better adjustability compared to group C at both 3 weeks (100{\%}, 80{\%}, and 0{\%}, respectively) and 5 weeks (100{\%}, 90{\%}, and 0{\%}, respectively). Between groups PT and P, adjustability, adjustment lengths, and forces were not significantly different at 3 and 5 weeks. Group PT showed a significantly lower grade of adhesion between SRM and sclera (SRM/S) compared to group C at both 3 weeks (p = 0.007) and 5 weeks (p = 0.001, respectively). Group P showed no significant difference in adhesion between SRM/S compared to group C at 3 weeks (p= 0.302) but had a lower grade of adhesion after 5 weeks (p = 0.007). There was no significant difference between groups PT and P at 3 weeks (p= 0.143) and 5 weeks (p= 0.716). Conclusions: PTFE/PLGA laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide was effective in reducing adhesion and allowed delayed adjustment in all eyes. However, PTFE/PLGA laminate alone was also equally effective in reducing adhesion compared to controls.",
keywords = "Adjustable, polylactide-co-glycolide, polytetrafluoroethylene, strabismus, thalidomide",
author = "Han, {Sang Beom} and Kim, {Joo Hoon} and Yang, {Hee Kyung} and Jeong-Min Hwang",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/02713683.2019.1591461",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "806--812",
journal = "Current Eye Research",
issn = "0271-3683",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficacy of Polytetrafluoroethylene/Polylactide-co-glycolide (PTFE/PLGA) Laminate and PTFE/PLGA Laminate Containing Slow-Releasing Thalidomide in Delayed Adjustable Strabismus Surgery in a Rabbit Model

AU - Han, Sang Beom

AU - Kim, Joo Hoon

AU - Yang, Hee Kyung

AU - Hwang, Jeong-Min

PY - 2019/7/3

Y1 - 2019/7/3

N2 - Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of polytetrafluoroethylene/polylactide-co-glycolide (PTFE/PLGA) laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide for delayed adjustable strabismus surgery. Methods: This is a prospective, masked-observer, controlled study using 50 eyes of 25 rabbits. After superior rectus muscle (SRM) recession, a PTFE/PLGA laminate containing thalidomide (group PT, 20 eyes), PTFE/PLGA laminate alone (group P, 20 eyes), or no barrier (group C, 10 eyes) were applied around the SRM. Delayed adjustment was performed at postoperative 3 or 5 weeks. Adjustability, adjustment lengths, adjustment forces, and degrees of adhesion were evaluated. Results: Both groups PT and P showed significantly better adjustability compared to group C at both 3 weeks (100%, 80%, and 0%, respectively) and 5 weeks (100%, 90%, and 0%, respectively). Between groups PT and P, adjustability, adjustment lengths, and forces were not significantly different at 3 and 5 weeks. Group PT showed a significantly lower grade of adhesion between SRM and sclera (SRM/S) compared to group C at both 3 weeks (p = 0.007) and 5 weeks (p = 0.001, respectively). Group P showed no significant difference in adhesion between SRM/S compared to group C at 3 weeks (p= 0.302) but had a lower grade of adhesion after 5 weeks (p = 0.007). There was no significant difference between groups PT and P at 3 weeks (p= 0.143) and 5 weeks (p= 0.716). Conclusions: PTFE/PLGA laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide was effective in reducing adhesion and allowed delayed adjustment in all eyes. However, PTFE/PLGA laminate alone was also equally effective in reducing adhesion compared to controls.

AB - Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of polytetrafluoroethylene/polylactide-co-glycolide (PTFE/PLGA) laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide for delayed adjustable strabismus surgery. Methods: This is a prospective, masked-observer, controlled study using 50 eyes of 25 rabbits. After superior rectus muscle (SRM) recession, a PTFE/PLGA laminate containing thalidomide (group PT, 20 eyes), PTFE/PLGA laminate alone (group P, 20 eyes), or no barrier (group C, 10 eyes) were applied around the SRM. Delayed adjustment was performed at postoperative 3 or 5 weeks. Adjustability, adjustment lengths, adjustment forces, and degrees of adhesion were evaluated. Results: Both groups PT and P showed significantly better adjustability compared to group C at both 3 weeks (100%, 80%, and 0%, respectively) and 5 weeks (100%, 90%, and 0%, respectively). Between groups PT and P, adjustability, adjustment lengths, and forces were not significantly different at 3 and 5 weeks. Group PT showed a significantly lower grade of adhesion between SRM and sclera (SRM/S) compared to group C at both 3 weeks (p = 0.007) and 5 weeks (p = 0.001, respectively). Group P showed no significant difference in adhesion between SRM/S compared to group C at 3 weeks (p= 0.302) but had a lower grade of adhesion after 5 weeks (p = 0.007). There was no significant difference between groups PT and P at 3 weeks (p= 0.143) and 5 weeks (p= 0.716). Conclusions: PTFE/PLGA laminate containing sustained-release thalidomide was effective in reducing adhesion and allowed delayed adjustment in all eyes. However, PTFE/PLGA laminate alone was also equally effective in reducing adhesion compared to controls.

KW - Adjustable

KW - polylactide-co-glycolide

KW - polytetrafluoroethylene

KW - strabismus

KW - thalidomide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063384884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02713683.2019.1591461

DO - 10.1080/02713683.2019.1591461

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 806

EP - 812

JO - Current Eye Research

JF - Current Eye Research

SN - 0271-3683

IS - 7

ER -