Effects of resistance exercise on bone health

A. Ram Hong, Sang Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalence of chronic diseases including osteoporosis and sarcopenia increases as the population ages. Osteoporosis and sarcopenia are commonly associated with genetics, mechanical factors, and hormonal factors and primarily associated with aging. Many older populations, particularly those with frailty, are likely to have concurrent osteoporosis and sarcopenia, further increasing their risk of disease-related complications. Because bones and muscles are closely interconnected by anatomy, metabolic profile, and chemical components, a diagnosis should be considered for both sarcopenia and osteoporosis, which may be treated with optimal therapeutic interventions eliciting pleiotropic effects on both bones and muscles. Exercise training has been recommended as a promising therapeutic strategy to encounter the loss of bone and muscle mass due to osteosarcopenia. To stimulate the osteogenic effects for bone mass accretion, bone tissues must be exposed to mechanical load exceeding those experienced during daily living activities. Of the several exercise training programs, resistance exercise (RE) is known to be highly beneficial for the preservation of bone and muscle mass. This review summarizes the mechanisms of RE for the preservation of bone and muscle mass and supports the clinical evidences for the use of RE as a therapeutic option in osteosarcopenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-444
Number of pages10
JournalEndocrinology and Metabolism
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Sarcopenia
Bone and Bones
Health
Osteoporosis
Muscles
Exercise
Metabolome
Activities of Daily Living
Population
Anatomy
Chronic Disease
Therapeutics
Education

Keywords

  • Bone density
  • Exercise
  • Muscle strength

Cite this

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Effects of resistance exercise on bone health. / Hong, A. Ram; Kim, Sang Wan.

In: Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 33, No. 4, 01.12.2018, p. 435-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Kim, Sang Wan

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