Effects of in vivo repositioning of slim modiolar electrodes on electrical thresholds and speech perception

Sang Yeon Lee, Young Seok Kim, Hyung Dong Jo, Yoonjoong Kim, Marge Carandang, Gene Huh, Byung Yoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The slim modiolar electrode has been reported to ensure better modiolar proximity than previous conventional perimodiolar electrodes and consistently high scala tympani localization. Nonetheless, variability in modiolar proximity exists even among slim modiolar electrodes, still leaving room for further improvement of modiolar proximity, which may positively affect functional outcomes. Given this, the pull-back maneuver was reported to increase the modiolar proximity of slim modiolar electrodes in a cadaveric study, but in vivo repositioning effects remain to be established. Here we identified that the pull-back maneuver led to better modiolar proximity than conventional insertion while maintaining a similar angular insertion depth. Notably, the reduced electrode-modiolus distance from the pull-back maneuver was associated with significantly lower impedances across electrodes postoperatively as well as reduced intraoperative electrophysiological thresholds than conventional insertion. Among adult cochlear implant recipients, this maneuver resulted in significantly better sentence recognition scores at three months postoperatively when compared to those with a conventional insertion; however, this benefit was not observed at later intervals. Collectively, slim modiolar electrodes with the pull-back maneuver further enhance the modiolar proximity, possibly leading to better open-set sentence recognition, at least in the early postoperative stage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15135
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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