Effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy in cancer-related stroke and associated factors with unfavorable outcome

Eung Joon Lee, Jeonghoon Bae, Hae Bong Jeong, Eun Ji Lee, Han Yeong Jeong, Byung Woo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in cancer-related stroke (CRS) is largely unknown. This study aims to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of MT in CRS patients. We also explored the factors that independently affect functional outcomes of patients with CRS after MT. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 341 patients who underwent MT after acute ischemic stroke onset between May 2014 and May 2020. We classified the patients into CRS (n = 34) and control (n = 307) groups and compared their clinical details. Among CRS patients, we analyzed the groups with and without good outcomes (3-months modified Rankin scale [mRS] score 0, 1, 2). Multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the independent predictors of unfavorable outcomes in patients with CRS after MT. Results: A total of 341 acute ischemic stroke patients received MT, of whom 34 (9.9%) had CRS. Although the baseline National institute of health stroke scale (NIHSS) score and the rate of successful recanalization was not significantly different between CRS patients and control group, CRS patients showed more any cerebral hemorrhage after MT (41.2% vs. controls 23.8%, p = 0.037) and unfavorable functional outcome at 3 months (CRS patients median 3-month mRS score 4, interquartile range [IQR] 2 to 5.25 vs. controls median 3-month mRS score 3, IQR 1 to 4, [p = 0.026]). In the patients with CRS, elevated serum D-dimer level and higher baseline NIHSS score were independently associated with unfavorable functional outcome at 3 months (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1.524, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.043–2.226; aOR: 1.264, 95% CI: 1.010–1.582, respectively). Conclusions: MT is an appropriate therapeutic treatment for revascularization in CRS patients. However, elevated serum D-dimer levels and higher baseline NIHSS scores were independent predictors of unfavorable outcome. Further research is warranted to evaluate the significance of these predictors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number57
JournalBMC Neurology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Endovascular treatment
  • Neoplasm
  • Neoplasm metastasis
  • Outcome
  • Stroke

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