Effect of severity and cause of preoperative anemia on the transfusion rate after total knee arthroplasty

Tae Woo Kim, Hyung Jun Park, Moon Jong Chang, Sang Yoon Kang, Kee Soo Kang, Chong Bum Chang, Seung Baik Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to (1) evaluate the preoperative Hb cut-off value for transfusion after unilateral and bilateral staged (1 week apart) TKAs, respectively, and (2) determine whether cause of preoperative anemia can affect transfusion rate after TKA. A total of 951 patients who underwent TKA (unilateral: 605, bilateral staged: 346) from 2016 to 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Patient demographics, comorbidities, preoperative Hb level, surgery types, and cause of anemia were evaluated as possible risk factors. The cut-off values for preoperative Hb level to reduce transfusion after TKA were evaluated in each surgery type. Preoperative Hb level, surgery type, and cardiac disease were identified as the risk factors for transfusion after TKA, and preoperative Hb levels of 11.8 (AUC 0.88) and 12.8 (AUC 0.76) were the cut-off values for transfusion after unilateral and staged bilateral TKAs, respectively. Although transfusion rate was higher in anemia with iron deficiency (ID) group than anemia without ID group, preoperative Hb level was also lower in anemia with ID group than anemia without ID group. Single use of preoperative Hb level with different cut-offs depending on the surgery types can be useful indicator for preoperative optimization regardless of cause of anemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4083
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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