Effect of 1.8-Cineole in Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus-stimulated bronchial epithelial cells and mouse model of asthma

Hyun Seung Lee, Da Eun Park, Woo Jung Song, Heung Woo Park, Hye Ryun Kang, Sang Heon Cho, Seong Wook Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

1.8-Cineole (eucalyptol) is a phytoncide, a volatile organic compound derived from plants. Phytoncides are known to have an anti-inflammatory effect. However, the effects of 1.8-cineole in house dust mite (HDM)-stimulated bronchial epithelial cells are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of 1.8-cineole in HDM-stimulated bronchial epithelial cells and in the HDM-induced murine asthma model. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of 1.8-cineole action in HDM-induced airway inflammation. Human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) were cultured with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) and 1.8-cineole. Cytokine protein levels, phosphorylation of protein kinases, and intracellular Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expressions were measured. In the murine model, BALB/C mice were sensitized with Der p and were exposed to Der p via intranasal route during the challenge period. 1.8-Cineole was given by inhalation 6 h before the each challenge. Treatment with 1.8-cineole inhibited the Der p-induced cytokine protein expression, phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Akt and intracellular TLR4 expression in HBECs. In the Der p-induced mouse model, airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) and the number of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was also significantly reduced by 1.8-cineole treatment. The treatment of 1.8-cineole inhibited the increased production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13 and IL-17A in BALF after Der p challenge. These results suggest that 1.8-cineole suppresses Der p-induced IL-8, IL-6 and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production in HBECs. Finally, we confirmed that 1.8-cineole decreases AHR and eosinophilic airway inflammation in Der p-induced asthma mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)946-952
Number of pages7
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • 1.8-cineole
  • Akt kinase
  • Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p)
  • Toll-like receptor 4
  • p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)

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